The impaled feline was found after going missing from a park for a few days, officials with the non-profit organisation One More Chance C.A.T.S. said.
An arrow had gone through the animal's head, passed through its oesophagus and then came out of its shoulder blades, a veterinarian who examined the cat told The Spectrum.
The vet removed the arrow and said the cat, named Quiver, is expected to survive.
Washington City police spokesman Ed Kantor told KUTV there are no suspects, and it is unclear whether someone shot the cat intentionally or recklessly.
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