Greedy trader was ringmaster in Libor fraud, court told
A highly-paid trader motivated by greed was the "ringmaster" in an enormous fraud to rig benchmark interest rates known as Libor, a court has heard.
Tom Hayes (35) orchestrated a scheme to manipulate the rate, which is behind trillions of dollars worth of financial deals, and the plot "struck at the very integrity of that system", Southwark Crown Court heard.
Jurors heard that he told investigators: "You want every little bit of money you can possibly get."
Mukul Chawla QC, prosecuting, told the court: "On an almost daily basis he set out to dishonestly manipulate or rig Libor at his bank and other banks."
Hayes, of Fleet, Hampshire, denies eight counts of conspiracy to defraud covering a period from 2006 to 2010, a period when he worked for Switzerland's UBS and America's Citigroup.
Mr Chawla said: "He behaved in a thoroughly dishonest and manipulative manner by repeatedly cheating those with whom he had entered into huge financial transactions.
"The motive was a simple one: it was greed."
He added: "He was the ringmaster at the very centre, telling others around him what to do and in a number of cases rewarding them for their dishonest assistance."
Hayes, said to be "extremely intelligent", worked for Royal Bank of Scotland and Royal Bank of Canada before joining UBS in 2006 as a trader in Tokyo, gaining "enormous" profits for the bank for which he was "very well paid".
The court heard that there had "undoubtedly been some manipulation of Libor at UBS before Mr Hayes' own dishonest activity".
Hayes joined Citi in 2009 after he "felt that UBS were not paying him enough", and continued working in Tokyo.
But he was sacked after his methods were formally reported to senior management. He returned to the UK where he was arrested in December 2012 and questioned by the Serious Fraud Office.
Hayes "admitted his guilt, setting out precisely what he had done with whom", Mr Chawla said, and offering to give evidence about a "large number of other people".
Jurors heard an audio clip in which he said he was part of a system in which "influencing" Libor was "commonplace" but admitted he was a "serial offender".
Mr Chawla said: "Despite the evidence and admission in interview, Mr Hayes claimed what he was doing in rigging and manipulating Libor was not dishonest."
The court heard that Hayes, who is sitting in the well of the court rather than the dock, has been diagnosed with mild Asperger's syndrome.
Mr Chawla said: "Mr Hayes' desire was to earn and make as much money as he could.
"The more that he earned for his employers, the more they would value his services and, inevitably, the more that they would pay him.
"All bankers want to maximise their profits, but Mr Hayes did it in a wholly dishonest way, concerned wholly with his profits and wholly unconcerned by the fact that he was cheating those with whom he was trading."