Belfast Telegraph

UK escapes double-dip recession ... but only just

By Jamie Grierson

The UK has narrowly avoided a double-dip recession but will struggle for the rest of the year unless businesses stop hoarding cash and start investing, a forecaster has warned.

Emergency measures from the Bank of England, European Central Bank and US Federal Reserve have boosted confidence and stabilised financial markets, pulling the UK back from the brink of recession, the Ernst & Young ITEM Club said.

The ITEM Club has forecast that UK GDP growth will be a "dismal" 0.4% this year, which is half the 0.8% estimated by the tax and spending watchdog, the Office for Budget Responsibility, before rising to 1.5% in 2013 and 2.6% in 2014.

The UK economy shrank by 0.3% in the final three months of last year and is broadly expected to have just avoided a technical recession by scratching out around 0.1% to 0.2% in the first quarter of 2012.

Peter Spencer, chief economic adviser to the Ernst & Young ITEM Club, said the UK will not prosper again until businesses invest stockpiled cash.

He said: "Business investment has picked up nicely in the US but UK companies remain extremely risk averse, which is sapping strength from the economy."

The cash balances of private non-financial companies are worth more than £754bn, the ITEM Club said, 50% of GDP, but business investment last year only increased by 1.2%.

In contrast to big business, households remain under intense pressure, the ITEM Club said, with private sector companies finding it increasingly difficult to create the jobs to offset losses in the public sector.

Unemployment is expected to approach 9.3% of the UK's total workforce by the middle of next year, with just short of three million people out of work, before beginning to fall back, the ITEM Club said.

Mr Spencer continued: "Households remain under the cosh and UK unemployment is set to go even higher by the end of the year.

"But there is a small glimmer of light at the end of the dole queue. For the first time in years, the gap between wage growth and inflation should start to close, before reversing in 2013."

ITEM forecasts that disposable income will fall by 0.2% in 2012, while consumer spending will increase by 0.8% before accelerating to 1.1% in 2013 as household incomes gradually strengthen.

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