The pop singer was stopped early on Thursday morning while driving a rented Lamborghini.
The 19-year-old has now been granted bail, set at $2,500.
The Canadian star has been in Florida for the past few days and has been spotted by fans in nightclubs.
Bieber was embroiled in controversy recently when police raided his home on January 14 looking for evidence he had been involved in an egg attack on his neighbour's home which caused $20,000 of damage.
His friend Lil Za was arrested after drugs were found in his room at the mansion, with subsequent reports there were other substances at the property. Law enforcement officials have denied those claims.
The singer reportedly spent $75,000 at famous Miami strip club King of Diamonds on Monday night. The teenager was at the venue celebrating Lil Scrappy’s birthday party.