Beyonce's career is the subject of a new course at a US university.
Kevin Allred, a doctoral student who is teaching the class, told the university's news website that he wants to look at Beyonce's career as a way to explore American race, gender and sexual politics.
The class supplements an analysis of Beyonce's videos and lyrics with readings from Black feminists. Mr Allred said he is seeking to help students think more critically about media consumption.
The university also has a class examining the theology of Bruce Springsteen's lyrics.