Children's exam success 'all in the genes'
Children are largely programmed at birth to pass or fail GCSE exams, a study suggests.
Evidence shows that school educational achievement is "highly inheritable", say scientists. And many of the same genes involved influence exam performance across a broad range of subjects.
More than half of the differences seen between exam results may be due to variations in the DNA children inherit from their parents, according to the results.
Developmental psychologist Kaili Rimfeld, from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King's College London, said: "Our findings suggest that many of the same genes influence achievement across a broad range of disciplines, moving beyond core subjects such as English and maths to include humanities, business, art and languages."