Antibiotics 'can raise the risk of miscarriage'
Common antibiotics may double the risk of miscarriage in early pregnancy, research has shown.
A Canadian study found that taking the drugs raised the chances of having a miscarriage by between 60% and 100%.
The link was seen with many antibiotics - including macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines, sulphonamides and metronidazole.
However nitrofurantoin, often used to treat urinary tract infections in pregnant women, had no effect on miscarriage risk. Nor did the widely used erythromycin.
The researchers looked at data from almost 9,000 cases of miscarriage at an average time of 14 weeks into pregnancy, involving girls and women between 15 and 45 years of age.
Study leader Dr Anick Berard, from the University of Montreal in Quebec, said: "Infections are prevalent during pregnancy.
"Although antibiotic use to treat infections has been linked to a decreased risk of prematurity and low birth weight in other studies, our investigation shows that certain types of antibiotics are increasing the risk of spontaneous abortion, with a 60% to two-fold increased risk."
Women who miscarried were more likely to be older, living alone, and to have multiple health issues and infections. All these factors were accounted for in the analysis.
Dr Berard added: "The increased risk was not seen for all antibiotics, which is reassuring for users, prescribers and policy-makers."
The findings are published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.