Lack of solidarity among MLAs is hampering delivery for the people of Northern Ireland, say experts
Senior civil servants are risk averse and solidarity within Northern Ireland's Executive is weak, according to a team of international experts.
Making some 30 recommendations for improvement, the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) has called for more collective thinking at the heart of the Stormont Government.
Mari Kiviniemi, the former Finnish Prime Minister and now OECD deputy secretary-general, said: "The Northern Ireland Executive should adopt a more joined-up approach that breaks down administrative silos to pursue integrated outcomes for people more effectively and more inclusive growth for the region."
The OECD was commissioned to review public sector governance in 2014 by former Finance Minister Simon Hamilton.
Researchers held fact-finding missions in Belfast and Londonderry and spoke to representatives of the public sector, business, civil organisations and the academic community.
They focused on assessing reform in three key areas: improving strategic approaches to decision making, improving engagement with people, and improving operational delivery to citizens and businesses.
In a 512-page report launched at Parliament Buildings a number of issues around decision-making were identified.
It said: "Policy-making in Northern Ireland continues to be defined by narrow concerns lodged within departmental silos, with bottlenecks being resolved politically at the Executive table.
"Solidarity among members of the Executive is evidently weak, which undermines the principle of collective responsibility for decision-making and the concomitant role the Civil Service, notably its senior ranks ought to play in supporting it."
The Programme for Government (PfG), which presents the priorities and initiatives for Executive ministers, was described as the most important strategic planning document.
The experts also looked at the impact of restructuring and concluded it was "too early to say definitively" if the reduction in local councils and Government departments would result in both savings and improvements in efficiency and effectiveness.
However, the transfer of planning powers to local authorities was praised as a positive move.
Other recommendations include strengthening transparency and accountability to build trust; investing in skills to support innovation, as well as enhancing international engagement in digital government.
The Executive has accepted all but two of the recommendations.
Finance Minister Mairtin O Muilleoir said: "We all share a desire to improve our public services. While the report outlines much of what is good in our public sector, it also points to some challenges which will need to be addressed if our public services and wider society are to continue to flourish. It is time for action and I am confident that as a united and forward-looking Executive we can make real progress in driving forward these recommendations."
DUP junior minister Alastair Ross said: "I believe the OECD report allows us to benchmark ourselves against other countries, see what we are doing well and what we need to improve and gives us renewed impetus to work together to deliver these commitments and create a better Northern Ireland for all our citizens."