Systematic and repeated failures by the PSNI led to the murder of a Catholic teenager in north Belfast, a new probe into the shooting has claimed.
A panel of legal and academic professionals that examined evidence relating to the loyalist killing of 19-year-old Gerard Lawlor in 2002 insisted it could have been prevented if police officers had done their job properly.
The experts conducted a so-called 'community inquiry' into the killing - an exercise commissioned by the Lawlor family's legal representatives. The findings have prompted the teenager's parents John and Sharon to demand a fresh police investigation.
The panel said police did not do enough in response to a series of murder bids by loyalists in the same area in the hours before Mr Lawlor was gunned down. It claimed serious deficiencies in the subsequent investigation of the crime, namely failures to interview potential witnesses and suspects and take appropriate forensic measures, amounted to collusion.
The sectarian murder by the UDA was one of the first investigated by the new look Police Service of Northern Ireland, which had replaced the old Royal Ulster Constabulary months earlier. The panel claimed the Lawlor investigation was a litmus test for the PSNI to see if policing had changed in Northern Ireland and said it was a test it "demonstrably failed".
The young father-of-one was shot dead just after midnight on July 22 2002 as he walked home along the Floral Road in Glengormley after a night out. Two men on a motorbike pulled up beside the gaelic footballer and shot him three times. No-one has ever been brought to justice for the killing.
Gerard's father John said the family felt it had no other option but to pursue a community inquiry because they were not getting answers from the state. He said: "It's up to the police now to review the case or open it up as a new investigation...You have to have belief in the system - that's the whole point of having one rule of law."
The teenager's mother Sharon said the lack of convictions was a source of great anger. She said: As the years go on you build up anger through pure frustrations and you get to this stage you are driven by it Everybody seems to know who these people are, people know what happened but the PSNI and the (Police) Ombudsman, they don't seem to be getting the whole story that everyone in the street seems to be getting and that frustrates me big time."
The report was compiled by Jane Winter, the director of British Irish Rights Watch, Professor Bill Rolston, director of the Transitional Justice Institute at the University of Ulster, and Gemma McKeown, a solicitor for the Committee on the Administration for Justice (CAJ).
A PSNI spokesman said: "The investigation into the murder of Gerard Lawlor has been reviewed by the PSNI Serious Crime Review Team and is currently the subject of a PONI (Police Ombudsman of Northern Ireland) investigation and, as such, it would be inappropriate to comment."