Bomb detonators and explosives have been seized during a swoop on suspected dissident republicans in the Irish Republic.
Two men have appeared in Dublin's non-jury Special Criminal Court charged in connection with a wave of weekend raids in Louth, Waterford and Wexford linked to the operation.
Eight others, including a 24-year-old woman, remain in garda custody under the provisions of Section 30 of the Offences Against the State Act.
Appearing before the Special Criminal Court, Nicholas Kendall, 20, of Row Street, Wexford, was charged with unlawful possession of a semi-automatic pistol, ammunition and a bomb part.
Peter Butterly, 33, of Cortown in Dunleer, Co Louth, was charged with being a member of the IRA. Both men replied "no comment" when charged, the court heard.
Army bomb experts were deployed both on Saturday night and on Sunday to a private home in Keelogue, Co Wexford, to make safe two detonators and a small quantity of Semtex explosives. The explosives have been handed over to the garda for forensic examination.
Nine men - aged from 19 to 71 - were detained during searches in Louth and Waterford on Friday, while the 24-year-old woman was taken into custody in Co Wexford on Saturday. Bomb-making components, a handgun and ammunition were also seized in Friday's searches.
Six men were arrested, including the pensioner who is being held at Enniscorthy garda station, during the operation at Keelogue, Barntown, Co Wexford.
Ammunition and a firearm were also recovered during the search of a house in Dunleer, Co Louth, and two men, aged 20 and 33, arrested. Another man, aged 27, was arrested in Waterford.
Gardai from specialist units assisted by local gardai from the south eastern and northern regions were involved in the operation, which is ongoing.