Women in Ireland are more likely to have higher qualifications than men - but work fewer hours and earn less, a new report has found.
More than half of women aged between 25 and 35 have a college or university qualification compared with less than four out of ten men, the Central Statistics Office's Women and Men study shows.
The report found that boys are also more likely to leave school early and girls do better at second level education.
But although women get paid less and are less likely to be represented in the Oireachtas or on local and regional authorities, men suffer far higher rates of unemployment.
Men are more likely to be in the workforce while those looking after the home or family are overwhelmingly women.
The study also reveals that women in Ireland have a higher fertility rate than women from any other country in the European Union.
The gender study shows the majority of people working in the health and education sectors in Ireland are women.
Men make up the majority of the agriculture, construction and transport workforces.
Women are more likely to be admitted to hospital with depression and men are more likely to be admitted with schizophrenia and alcoholic disorders.
Most murder victims are male and the vast majority of the prison population is male, the study shows.