A police officer has admitted he did not see Ian Tomlinson as a threat before he hit him with a baton and shoved him to the ground at the G20 protests.
Pc Simon Harwood told an inquest into the newspaper seller's death that he was "amazed" his "poor push" caused the 47-year-old to plunge to the pavement.
The officer said his actions were meant as "encouragement" to get Mr Tomlinson away from police lines during demonstrations.
As a jury reviewed footage of his actions, Pc Harwood said: "He wasn't moving away from the police line, he was encroaching. That's why I moved forward."