Glasgow has been ranked as the UK's most violent area in a new report.
Problems with gangs and knife crime contributed to the rating in the UK Peace Index produced by the US and Australia-based Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).
The index has drawn together more than 10 years of data, looking at levels of violence across the country as well as the cost to the economy.
Areas were ranked according to the number of homicides and levels of violent and weapon crime, public disorder and numbers of police officers per 100,000 people.
The report describes Glasgow as "the least peaceful major urban centre in the UK", with London and Belfast in second and third place.
Scotland has the highest homicide rate of any of the four UK nations, as well as the highest violent crime rate, at more than 1,500 per 100,000 people, the report said.
It was beaten by London for the title of most violent region overall.
Within Scotland, the Orkney Islands was the area deemed the most peaceful followed by Aberdeenshire and Moray.
Following Glasgow as the most violent areas were West Dunbartonshire and Renfrewshire.
The report said disorder and violence were linked to low income and poor employment opportunities, health,education, and access to housing and services.