Fire service chief's warning over potentially deadly carbon monoxide
The fire service is receiving more calls about potentially deadly carbon monoxide in Northern Ireland, a senior officer warned.
Group commander Victor Spence said people were not fully aware of the dangers of the odourless and invisible gas.
An inquest into the death of William Stockdale, 60, from carbon monoxide poisoning in Newcastle in April last year heard he had no alarms fitted and an engineer had advised him not to use the oil boiler in his house in the days before his death. He recently suffered a heart attack and coronary disease contributed to his death, a pathologist said.
Mr Stockdale had earlier that month been admitted to Daisy Hill Hospital and inflammatory markers were picked up in his blood, his family said, but he was eager to go home and was discharged.
He was taken ill in the living room of his Castlewellan Road home and was unable to speak properly. While a paramedic was treating him he collapsed and could not be revived.
The medical technician, Paul Kennedy, was later also taken ill and Mr Stockdale's family told the inquest in Downpatrick there was a "sooty" smell in the house.
Coroner Paddy McGurgan quizzed the fire service about the dangers posed by the toxic gas, which depletes the oxygen available to the organs.
Mr Spence said: "We are attending more on a regular basis now. We would recommend people fit carbon monoxide detectors."
At present alarms are obligatory in new houses but not existing ones.
Mr Spence added: "I would like to see that change, yes, to make it compulsory... people are not fully aware of the dangers."
John Vaughan, who investigated for the Health and Safety Executive of Northern Ireland (HSENI), said there had been an increase in the reporting of carbon monoxide incidents because carbon monoxide detectors were being used more.
He said homeowners were seeking air-tight homes but "a s they become more air tight, the chance of carbon monoxide build-up is greater".
He said unless they requested a building control check for a replacement boiler, there was nothing retrospective to force homeowners to install alarms.
Mr Vaughan said there was not enough awareness of maintenance of the alarms and questioned the value of cheaper versions.
"There probably needs to be tighter control on the sale of items as well," he said.
The inquest was told a bird had probably nested in the flue and blocked it, causing the gas to leak from joins in the pipe into the house.
Martin McCourt, an engineer who checked the boiler just before Mr Stockdale died, said he smelled smoke and advised him to have his chimney swept.
He disconnected the boiler and said he told Mr Stockdale not to use it while he arranged to come the following week to replace it.
But he did not put labels on the old unit warning it was dangerous or issue paperwork formally telling Mr Stockdale of the danger. He had been his friend for many years and trusted him to follow his advice.
After examining the unit and removing baffle plates, they hammered one straight and put it back into the boiler.
A fireman said he felt heat from part of the installation after the death, suggesting it had been used. But Mr McCourt insisted Mr Stockdale had not turned the heating on.
The victim was checked at the emergency department at Daisy Hill in the days before he died. Doctor Cailin O'Reilly said a test for the presence of carbon monoxide in his blood showed elevated levels.
But he was not displaying any symptoms and she suspected another heart attack or a complication from his recent cardiac surgery rather than carbon monoxide poisoning. New systems have been put in place since the death to flag up high levels to medics.
Dr O'Reilly said: "Looking back now of course, knowing that the cause of death of carbon monoxide poisoning, the only change that I would have done is to question the family would there be a possible source of carbon monoxide, but in accident and emergency Mr Stockdale remained stable and was discharged."