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'King Rat' Billy Wright murder: There was no state collusion

Published 14/09/2010

LVF leader Billy Wright
LVF leader Billy Wright
Loyalist paramilitary Billy Wright pictured in Portadown in August 1996.
Billy Wright was shot dead in 1997 inside the Maze Prison
Christopher 'Crip' McWilliams - the INLA terrorist who shot lVF leader Billy Wright dead in the Maze Prison
INLA prisoner Christopher 'Crip' McWilliams walks out of Magilligan prison after being released under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement. McWilliams served only three years for the murder of loyalist Billy Wright in the Maze prison
Christopher 'Crip' McWilliams - the INLA terrorist who shot lVF leader Billy Wright dead in the Maze Prison, released from Magelligan Prison on early release under terms of the Good Friday Agreement.
Former LVF founder and leader Billy Wright who was killed inside the Maze Prison by the INLA in 1997
The two guns used in the INLA murder of Billy Wright
Former LVF founder and leader Billy Wright who was killed inside the Maze prison by the INLA in 1997
Billy Wright ,loyalist fanatic who was shot dead in the Maze Prison, was leader of the renegade Loyalist Volunteer Force
A copy of The Billy Wright Inquiry Report
Northern Ireland secretary Owen Paterson gives his statement to the House of Commons, London

The official inquiry into the murder of Loyalist prisoner Billy Wright in Maze Prison found there was no "state collusion" in his killing, Northern Ireland Secretary Owen Paterson told the House of Commons today.

Mr Paterson said that there were "serious failings" by the prison authorities which did "facilitate" Wright's death but that they were result of "negligence" and were not intentional.

A review of the Northern Ireland prison service similar to Lord Patten's police overhaul should be launched, the inquiry report said.

Wright, the leader of the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) splinter group who was allegedly linked to up to 20 murders, was sitting in the back of a prison van waiting to be taken to meet his visiting girlfriend when he was shot seven times.

Three republican prisoners belonging to the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), a republican breakaway faction, were implicated in the killing.

Mr Paterson said that the inquiry panel found that the decision to allocate Wright and the LVF faction to H-Block 6 where the INLA were being held was a "wrongful act" which directly facilitated his murder.

The prison authorities also failed to strengthen roof defences at the jail, failed to ensure the exercise yards were checked and secured each night, and failed to carry out full risk assessment before LVF were moved to the block.

"Overall the panel identified a serious failure on the part of the Northern Ireland Prison Service and its chief executive to deal with recognised management problems in HMP Maze in 1997," Mr Paterson said.

The inquiry report published today concluded there was no evidence of collusion between agents of the State and the killers, but a series of major failings by the prison service and police were said to have "facilitated the death of Billy Wright".

The report said: "We have been critical of certain individuals and institutions or state agencies, some of whose actions did, in our opinion, facilitate his death.

"We were not, however, persuaded that in any instance there was evidence of collusive acts or collusive conduct."

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