No Stormont deal could see welfare reform with hard edge
The Government may have to step in to prevent a further postponement of the long-delayed welfare reforms in Northern Ireland, it has emerged.
Without a deal to bring back devolution, the Assembly will be unable to bring in mitigation schemes to cushion the impact of the upheaval for vulnerable families and individuals.
Universal Credit, which replaces a number of major benefits, is to be rolled out across the province in just over four months.
If the Assembly is not restored in that time, Secretary of State James Brokenshire will be required to take unilateral action, that could bring the Government in for criticism from other parts of the UK if the mitigation measures are included.
Just over 18 months ago the DUP and Sinn Fein handed back responsibility for welfare to Westminster, after more than three years of deadlock over benefit reforms.
The result was the Northern Ireland Welfare Reform Act, which means the power to trigger Universal Credit changes is in place.
Around 300,000 households will be impacted, with official estimates that 126,000 will be worse off by an average of almost £40 a week.
A further 114,000 are expected to be an average of £29 better off a week, with 72,000 remaining unchanged.
The changes are to be phased in gradually across Northern Ireland staring with Limavady in September - if the current timetable can be adhered to - followed by Ballymoney, Magherafelt and Coleraine.
The full roll-out of the programme will take a year, finishing off with Cookstown, Ballynahinch and Newcastle by September of next year.
Universal Credit replaces a series of existing benefits including Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA), Employment and Support Allowance (ESA), Income Support, Child Tax Credit and Working Tax Credit.
The Department for Communities, which is working with the Department for Work and Pensions in London following the handover of responsibilities, confirmed yesterday the Assembly had been expected to deal with legislation to extend mitigation payments central to the reforms here.
"Mitigation schemes are already in place for legacy benefits for example JSA and ESA. Further legislation will be required to extend these mitigation payments to Universal Credit," a statement said.
"This legislation will be dealt with by the NI Assembly. If there was no return to devolved government then such legislation would be considered in line with whatever arrangements were put in place to deal with this and all other pending NI legislation."
Writing in the Belfast Telegraph this month, benefits expert Professor Eileen Evason said more can be achieved through parties working together.
"What we have, limited as it is, is far in advance of what has been secured by other devolved governments and demonstrates what can be achieved through devolution when people work together," she said.
Prof Evason, who chaired a Stormont working group charged with mitigating the impact of the reforms within the financial framework, added: "I am also very aware of the high level of social need that continues to scar so many households and communities and is most evident in the growing reliance on food banks.
"I have no doubt those working with the most vulnerable in our society are anxious to move forward, but here, as is the case on so many issues, it is difficult to see how progress can be made without resolution of the current political impasse."