Budget 2010: At a glance
The Chancellor stood up to deliver his Emergency Budget at 12.33pm on Tuesday.
- The Budget is "tough but fair", he said.
- The Chancellor promised not to hide hard choices from the British people or "bury them in the small print".
- Structural deficit should be in balance by 2015/16.
- Inflation target remains at 2%.
- Growth predicted to be lower than forecast at 1.2% this year.
- Spending reductions, not higher taxes, the best way to reduce the deficit.
- Borrowing to fall to 1.1% of GDP by 2015.
- UK not joining the euro in this Parliament, and euro preparation unit in the Treasury disbanded.
- Public expenditure to rise from £637 billion this year to £711 billion by 2015/16.
- No further reductions in capital spending in this Budget.
- The Government will look at how to dispose of its shareholding in air traffic body Nats, the student loan book will be sold and the future of the Tote will be resolved.
- Civil List remains frozen at £7.9 million for this year.
- Government departmental spending to be cut by 25%.
PAY AND PENSIONS
- Two-year pay freeze for the public sector, but £250 pay rise for those earning under £21,000.
- Public service pensions to be investigated.
- State pension age to be accelerated to age 66.
WELFARE AND BENEFITS
- Welfare spending rises to be in line with consumer prices, not retail prices.
- Tax credit payments to families earning more than £40,000 to be reduced.
- Health in pregnancy grant to be scrapped.
- Child benefits to be frozen for three years.
- Disability benefits to be reassessed from 2013.
- Housing benefit in "dire need of reform". Maximum limits reduced to £400 a week for a house.
- National Insurance incentives to companies starting businesses outside London, the South East and Eastern region.
- Government to commit to the upgrade of the Tyne and Wear Metro, extension of the Manchester Metrolink, redevelopment of Birmingham New Street station, improvements to the rail lines to Sheffield and between Liverpool and Leeds.
TAX AND DUTY
- National Insurance threshold rises by £21 next year.
- Corporation tax of 28% cut next year by 1% and each year afterwards to 24%.
- Planned tax relief for the video games industry cancelled.
- Bank levy introduced from January to generate £2 billion a year. France and Germany agree similar action.
- Green investment bank planned and investment in digital infrastructure.
- Planned landline duty to be abolished and private broadband expansion to be encouraged.
- VAT to rise to 20% from January 4.
- No new duty increase on tobacco, alcohol or fuel.
- Cider duty rise reversed.
- Council tax to be frozen for a year.
- "Unfair" capital gains tax reform: Higher rate taxpayers to pay 28% from midnight.
- The 10% CGT rate for entrepreneurs extended to the first £5 million of lifetime gain.
- Personal tax allowance raised to £7,475 from April 2011.
- Higher rate income tax threshold frozen.
PENSIONERS AND FAMILIES
- "Lasting help" for pensioners, with link to earnings restored from next April or a 2.5% rise, whatever is greater.
- Additional support for families in poverty. Child element of child tax credit increased by £150 above inflation.
- The Chancellor sat down at 1.28pm.
In Focus: Key Budget reports
- VAT: Hike will hit consumers at the tills and the pump
- Capital Gains Tax: Second-home owners are spared
- Lower income households: Increase in personal tax allowances for the poor offset by other measures
- Higher income households: No escape for the rich
- Pensioners: Support for old 'still lowest in West
- Welfare: Cuts 'will push many over the edge'
- Welfare: Three-year freeze on child benefit pay-outs
- Internet: £6 a year phone tax shelved
- Holdings: Osborne confirms public asset sale plans
- Monarchy: Queen's Civil List payment frozen
- Aviation: Air taxes to come under scrutiny
- Excise Duty: Brewers toast reprieve for cider
- Video games: Industry slams tax relief reversal
- Corporation Tax: Help for the private sector
- Bank tax: Shares rise after levy is lighter than feared
- Public finances: Fiscal tightening will roll back state
- Environment: Green cuts are coming
Hamish McRae: The mountain we all have to climb just got steeper