Separate prison units planned for dangerous Islamist extremists
Dangerous Islamist extremists will be held in separate prison units after an inquiry warned "self-styled emirs" were radicalising others behind bars.
A government-ordered review also suggested "cultural sensitivity" among staff towards Muslim prisoners could "inhibit the effective confrontation of extremist views".
The disclosures emerged after a probe into radicalisation in jails led by former prison governor Ian Acheson and commissioned last year by then justice secretary Michael Gove.
Scrutiny of the issue resurfaced last week when it was revealed that Anjem Choudary, one of Britain's most prominent Islamist clerics, faces years in jail for drumming up support for Islamic State.
Ministers have confirmed planning is under way to create specialist units within the high security estate in order to remove the most dangerous extremists from the general population.
Introducing the measure in order to stop a small number of individuals from being able to "proselytise" to other inmates was one of the review's key recommendations.
Justice Secretary Liz Truss said: "Islamist extremism is a danger to society and a threat to public safety - it must be defeated wherever it is found."
She told the BBC Radio 4 Today Programme that prison staff will get the training and authority to root out extremism.
She said: "There are a small number of individuals, very subversive individuals, who do need to be held in separate units."
The full report is classified but the Ministry of Justice has published a summary of the main findings.
It said the review found evidence that Islamist extremism is a "growing problem" within prisons, which can manifest itself in various ways.
They included o ffenders advocating support for IS, while "c harismatic" prisoners acted as "self-styled emirs" - exerting a "controlling and radicalising influence" on the wider Muslim prison population.
Other examples cited were:
:: "A ggressive encouragement" of conversions to Islam;
:: Unsupervised collective worship, sometimes at Friday Prayers - including pressure on supervising staff to leave the prayer room;
:: A ttempts to engineer segregation by landing, by wing, or even by prison and prevent staff searches by claiming dress is religious;
:: Books and educational materials promoting extremist literature in chaplaincy libraries;
:: Intimidation of prison imams and "exploitation of staff fear of being labelled racist";
The review recorded a "lack of confidence and consistency in challenging unacceptable extremist behaviour and views".
It concluded that "cultural sensitivity" among National Offender Management Service (Noms) staff towards Muslim prisoners has "extended beyond the basic requirements of faith observance and could inhibit the effective confrontation of extremist views".
Figures show there were 12,633 Muslims in prison in England and Wales as of the end of June. The number stood at 8,243 a decade earlier.
As at the end of March, of the 147 people in prison for terrorism-related offences, 137 of them considered themselves to be Muslim.
A separate official report published last month said that at any one time Noms manages more than 1,000 prisoners who have been identified as extremist or vulnerable to extremism.
As well as the introduction of specialist units, governors have been instructed to ban extremist literature and remove anyone from Friday prayers who is "promoting anti-British beliefs or other dangerous views".
Measures also include improving extremism prevention training for all officers and strengthened vetting of prison chaplains.
Peter Dawson, director of the Prison Reform Trust, said of proposals for specialist units: "The goal must be to get people back into the main prison community, so that changes in their behaviour can be observed.
"Anything else is just storing up an even more difficult problem for when they are eventually released."
Shadow prisons minister Jo Stevens claimed the issue of radicalisation of vulnerable Muslim inmates and growing extremism in prisons " has been ignored by the Tories for over five years".
Labour MP Keith Vaz, chairman of the Home Affairs Select Committee, said: " I welcome the focus on prisons, which for too long have been spaces where extremism has permeated and radicalised inmates.
"Careful thought should be given when judging who should be placed in these units, as some individuals who could be detoxified may be placed with hardline extremists who would further poison their minds. We should be wary of creating a colony of jihadists.
"Equal thought should be given to when these individuals are released. They will need constant monitoring as, if they are radical enough to be imprisoned, they will present a constant risk to the public."