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A Syrian government without Assad 'will not happen'

Published 13/04/2016

Parliamentary elections in Syria are held every four years
Parliamentary elections in Syria are held every four years

A top Syrian official urged the opposition to let go of its dream of easing President Bashar Assad out of power in a transitional government, complicating peace talks that resumed in Geneva on ending the five-year civil war.

As Syrians voted in parliamentary elections in government-held parts of the country - balloting the opposition dismissed as a sham - Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal Mekdad said a transitional government amounts to a coup d'etat and "will never be accepted".

A transitional government is the centerpiece of the peace program that the United States, Russia and other world powers agreed on at a 2012 Geneva Conference. The terms have been left vague intentionally and are supposed to be worked out in the peace talks, but the presumption, at least in the opposition's mind, is that a transitional government means one without Mr Assad.

"This will not happen, not now, nor tomorrow nor ever," Mr Mekdad said, speaking at his office in Damascus ahead of the resumption of the indirect talks in Geneva that the UN envoy says will focus on a political transition.

Mr Assad recently floated the idea of a national unity government, rejecting the opposition's demand for a transitional ruling body, and Mr Mekdad echoed the rejection.

"We believe such an idea has failed, it is outdated, it will never be acceptable. This amounts in fact to a coup d'etat. People organise a certain rebellion and then they get power. This will never happen in Syria," he said.

He said most of the world except Saudi Arabia and Turkey - the two top backers of the rebellion - have all but relinquished calls for Mr Assad to step down, having realised after five years of war that the president is fighting "terrorists" in Syria.

"We believe that if we have to proceed, then we need to forget or we need others to forget the dreams they had for the last five years and to come with factual, actual solutions to the problem," he said. "This includes the possibility of establishing a national unity government or a broad government that includes members of the opposition."

But in Geneva, UN envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura said that his recent visits to Iran, Russia and Syria led him to believe that those countries were "supportive to what we are trying to do in terms of a political transition".

"There was no doubt on that. From Moscow to Tehran, even to Damascus, (they) agreed with the fact that this is the agenda," he said.

US Secretary of State John Kerry said he spoke to Mr de Mistura about the talks and urged all participants "to adhere to the cessation of hostilities".

"There is an opportunity in these days ahead to be able to negotiate transition according to Geneva Communique of 2012, which is precisely what they say they want," Mr Kerry said in Washington.

"The Iranians have signed up to it, the Russians have signed up to it. The Turks, the Qataris, the Saudis, the Emiratis, most of the European countries, all of the countries that are part of the International Syrian Support Group."

Aided by Russian air power, the Syrian army and allied militiamen have reversed the tide of the war in recent months, making rapid advances against its opponents. Syria also has benefited from a US- and Russian-engineered partial ceasefire, which has allowed it to focus on fighting extremists like the Islamic State group and the Nusra Front, which are excluded from the truce agreement.

The new 250-member parliament being chosen on Wednesday is expected to serve as a rubber stamp for Mr Assad. Western leaders and members of Syria's opposition have denounced the election as illegitimate and a provocation that undermines the peace talks.

After casting his vote with his wife, Asma, Mr Assad said the election was one way to defy the terrorists - the term he uses to describe Syria's armed opposition.

Parliamentary elections in Syria are held every four years, and Damascus says the vote is constitutional and separate from the Geneva talks. But the opposition says the voting contributes to an unfavourable climate for negotiations.

Britain said Damascus' decision to go ahead with the elections in the war-torn nation, where hundreds of thousands cannot take part, shows "how divorced (the government) is from reality". Germany said it would not accept the results of the vote.

But Mr Assad's main ally, Russia, welcomed the vote, calling it necessary to prevent "a power vacuum" in Syria until a new constitution and elections are agreed upon in the peace talks.

In the tightly-controlled Syrian capital, voters said they fully supported holding the elections.

Most voters said they were mostly concerned about rocketing prices rather than security, which has become less of a concern in the capital since the ceasefire.

The balloting, in which soldiers are being allowed to vote for the first time, was carried out only in areas under government control. Voting stations were set up in 12 of Syria's 14 provinces. The northern province of Raqqa is controlled by the Islamic State group, and the northwestern province of Idlib is controlled by its rival, the al Qaida-affiliated Nusra Front, as well as other insurgents. The government has no presence in either province.

While some parts of Damascus had sizeable turnout, other less-secure areas on the outskirts of the capital and on the edge of rebel-held suburbs saw fewer people vote.

In Tadamon, outside the Palestinian refugee camps of Yarmouk, which is largely under IS control, people were hesitant to vote, and polling centres were nearly empty for most of the morning despite the military presence.

Polls were to close at midnight, after they were extended for five hours because of high turnout, according to state TV. Results were expected on Thursday.

As the Geneva talks resumed, Mr de Mistura said the recent fighting in Syria amounted to "incidents, and not a bush fire".

He said the fragile ceasefire was holding despite a recent "deterioration" in some areas, and he vowed to press ahead with his efforts despite the messages coming from the Damascus government.

Mr de Mistura said he hopes to go "deeper and deeper" toward reaching a deal on political transition in Syria - his ultimate goal.

He hosted a delegation from the main opposition group, the High Negotiations Committee. A delegation from Mr Assad's government is expected to arrive on Friday.

The two sides do not negotiate directly in the "proximity" talks; instead, Mr de Mistura meets with each side separately and shuttles between them.

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