Allies agree to intensify fight against Islamic State
Defence ministers from the US, UK, France and others have agreed to intensify the campaign against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
US defence secretary Ash Carter said that the coalition will work together to fill the military requirements as the fight unfolds over the coming months.
Speaking at a news conference with French defence minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, Mr Carter said there was broad agreement on a coordinated plan to battle IS over the next year and take back key cities in Iraq and Syria from the militants.
"We agreed that we all must do more," Mr Carter said shortly after a working lunch with Mr Le Drian and defence ministers from Australia, Germany, Italy the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
Mr Carter also announced that the 26 nations in the anti-IS coalition, as well as Iraq, will meet in Brussels next month to continue the talks. He urged the coalition to seize the opportunity now to hasten the Islamic State group's defeat.
The US has mapped out a coordinated campaign against IS over the next year, and Mr Carter laid out the plans to the ministers during the meeting, which was co-hosted by France.
"Because Daesh is retreating and we have managed to affect its resources in the ground, it is the moment to increase our collective forces with a coherent military strategy," Mr Le Drian said, using the Arabic acronym for the Islamic State.
Mr Carter has said he would not hesitate to challenge the core nations to do more in the fight in the coming year.
The defence ministers also discussed plans to retake two major cities in Iraq and Syria that serve as power centres for IS.
The coalition wants to help Iraqi and Kurdish peshmerga forces retake Mosul in northern Iraq and to assist the Syrian moderate forces in ousting Islamic State militants from Raqqa, Syria, the group's self-proclaimed capital.
"Raqqa and Mosul must be won back," Mr Le Drian said, adding that it can only succeed if the coalition supports the local forces on the ground in Iraq and Syria.
While European nations have been heavily involved, the US would like to see more direct military contributions - both equipment and training - from Arab and Asian countries. Arab nations joined the coalition's air strike campaign early on, but their participation has waned a bit over time, particularly as the fight between Saudi Arabia and Iran-backed rebels in Yemen has increased.
Before the meeting began, Defence Secretary Michael Fallon said that the IS group is now under pressure and the goal of the gathering was to "identify how we can tighten the noose around the head of the snake".
"We are now seeing Daesh being hit in its own heartland. We are seeing the attacks on its oil wells and we are beginning to see attacks" in Mosul, Mr Fallon said. He said Britain carries out air strikes six days per week, plus reconnaissance flights to pinpoint targets.