Amnesty International secretary general Irene Khan said Australia must abolish policies that discriminate against Aborigines in its quest to lift its indigenous population out of third world poverty.
The human rights group boss told the National Press Club today Aboriginal poverty was "the most pressing frontier for human rights" in Australia.
She said the government must find a solution that respects all Aborigines' rights without compromising racial equality.
She singled out for criticism the government's so-called emergency intervention aimed at eradicating child sex abuse in Outback Aboriginal communities.
The government suspended anti-discrimination laws two years ago so that it could target Aborigines in the remote Northern Territory with sweeping measures.