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Calais 'Jungle' evictions: Demolition teams and riot police return to refugee camp after tear gas fired overnight

Around 100 shelters were demolished on Monday as clashes and fires broke out

By Lizzie Dearden

Published 01/03/2016

Migrants run past burning tents in a makeshift camp near Calais, France, Monday Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling part of the sprawling camp locally referred to as
Migrants run past burning tents in a makeshift camp near Calais, France, Monday Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling part of the sprawling camp locally referred to as "the jungle" where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
A migrant uses a fire extinguisher on a group of burning tents in a makeshift camp near Calais, France, Monday Feb. 29, 2016. Under the eye of hundreds of riot police, workers began pulling down tents and makeshift shelters in the sprawling camp in Calais on Monday, dismantling the fragile structures that have served as temporary homes for migrants hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Migrants run past burning tents in a makeshift camp near Calais, France, Monday Feb. 29, 2016. Under the eye of hundreds of riot police, workers began pulling down tents and makeshift shelters in the sprawling camp in Calais on Monday, dismantling the fragile structures that have served as temporary homes for migrants hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Workers dismantle shelters in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Workers dismantle shelters in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Workers dismantle shelters in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Workers dismantle shelters in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Workers dismantle shelters in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Workers dismantle shelters in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Workers dismantle shelters in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Workers dismantle shelters in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Policemen look on as workers dismantle shelters in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic: Getty Images
A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many of the migrants wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. Pic Getty
Workers dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Workers dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Workers dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Migrants stand next to shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France as workers dismantle the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town. Pic Getty Images
Workers dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. Pic Getty Images
Agents dismantle a shelter on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Policemen stand next to shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France as agents dismantle the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Policemen stand as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Policemen stand as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
BEST QUALITY AVAILABLE Handout file photo taken with permission from the Twitter feed of @GoodChanceCal of police vans lined up around the perimeter of the Calais migrant camp known as the Jungle as demolition teams have moved in to start dismantling makeshift homes. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Monday February 29, 2016. A spokeswoman for the Help Refugees charity said police had blocked entrances to the sprawling camp, which is home to around 4,000 people. See PA story POLITICS Jungle. Photo credit should read: @GoodChanceCal/PA Wire NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.
BEST QUALITY AVAILABLE Handout file photo taken with permission from the Twitter feed of @GoodChanceCal of police in the Calais migrant camp known as the Jungle as demolition teams have moved in to start dismantling makeshift homes. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Monday February 29, 2016. A spokeswoman for the Help Refugees charity said police had blocked entrances to the sprawling camp, which is home to around 4,000 people. See PA story POLITICS Jungle. Photo credit should read: @GoodChanceCal/PA Wire NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.
BEST QUALITY AVAILABLE Handout file photo taken with permission from the Twitter feed of @GoodChanceCal of police in the Calais migrant camp known as the Jungle as demolition teams have moved in to start dismantling makeshift homes. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Monday February 29, 2016. A spokeswoman for the Help Refugees charity said police had blocked entrances to the sprawling camp, which is home to around 4,000 people. See PA story POLITICS Jungle. Photo credit should read: @GoodChanceCal/PA Wire NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.
Helmeted workers pull down makeshift structures where migrants sleep in the southern sector of the camp near the northern port of Calais, France, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling the sprawling migrant camp in Calais where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Chris den Hond)
Helmeted workers pull down makeshift structures where migrants sleep in the southern sector of the camp near the northern port of Calais, France, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling the sprawling migrant camp in Calais where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Chris den Hond)
Agents dismantle a shelter on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Police officers safeguard helmeted workers pulling down makeshift structures where migrants sleep in the southern sector of the camp near the northern port of Calais, France, Monday, Feb. 29, 2016. French authorities have begun dismantling the sprawling migrant camp in Calais where thousands are hanging out, hoping to make their way to a better life in Britain. (AP Photo/Chris den Hond)
Agents dismantle a shelter as anti-riot policemen stand nearby on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Agents dismantle a shelter as anti-riot policemen stand nearby on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Agents dismantle a shelter as anti-riot policemen stand in front of migrants nearby on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Anti-riot policemen stand next to a school sign and gathered people as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
An anti-riot policeman stands as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Migrants walk past anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Migrants watch as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
An anti-riot policeman gestures as he speaks to a migrant while agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man stands on a shelter's roof next to anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man carrying belongings walks past a man sitting on a shelter's roof next to anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A migrant watches next to a policeman as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A migrant gestures next to a policeman as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Policemen walk as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Policemen walk as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man refusing to leave stands on a shelter's roof next to anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man sits on a shelter's roof as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A policeman gestures with a man as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
People sit on a shelter's roof in front of anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man sits on a shelter's roof in front of anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man sits on a shelter's roof in front of anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man stands on a shelter's roof in front of anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man sits on a shelter's roof in front of anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
People stand on a shelter's roof in front of anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man on a shelter's roof refusing to leave gestures in front of anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man on a shelter's roof refusing to leave speaks with anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
A man on a shelter's roof refusing to leave speak with anti-riot policemen as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
Anti-riot policemen stand in front of migrants as agents dismantle shelters on February 29, 2016 in the "jungle" migrants and refugees camp in Calais, northern France. A French court on February 25 gave the green light to plans to evacuate hundreds of migrants from the southern half of the sprawling camp in the port town, with many wanting to stay near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, the gateway to their ultimate goal of Britain. AFP PHOTO / PHILIPPE HUGUENPHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images
CALAIS, FRANCE - FEBRUARY 28: Migrants walk along a railway line near the 'jungle' camp on February 28, 2016 in Calais, France. The French authorities have begun dismantling part of the jungle encampment and relocating migrants to purpose-built accommodation nearby. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)

Demolition teams flanked by squads of riot police were returning to the Calais "Jungle" this morning to destroy hundreds more refugee shelters following overnight clashes.

Riot units fired tear gas at crowds of asylum seekers who reportedly threw stones and other missiles, while others were seen attempting to stop lorries heading towards the Channel Tunnel and board before being forced back off the motorway.

There were no reports of serious injuries but at least three people, possibly pro-refugee activists, were arrested during the demolitions.

French authorities say around 1,000 people are affected by the eviction plan but humanitarian groups have put the total at more than triple that figure.

It is the largest in successive rounds of demolitions aiming to destroy squalid parts of the sprawling camp, near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel and ferries to England, and move refugees away from a motorway that has seen frequent disruption and clashes as groups attempt to board lorries.

Converted shipping containers complete with lights, heating and sanitation have been used to create new accommodation for 1,500 people in the camp, where conditions were previously described as “diabolical”.

But the much-touted facility has been greeted by suspicion and distrust.

Some of the vulnerable refugees earmarked to move in have refused as rumours spread about why it is fenced off from the rest of the camp, requiring refugees to scan their hands to enter and leave.

Authorities also say they have offered to relocate people into centres in other parts of France where they can apply for asylum but many have resisted the move, fearing it will hurt their chances of reaching Britain.

Prefect Fabienne Buccio, who had ordered the camp evacuated and dismantled earlier this month, was present for the start of demolitions on Monday.

Her office accused some activist groups of “intimidation” tactics, claiming they were manipulating migrants into refusing to accept government offers of shelter.

“Really three houses out of four - I mean three huts out of four, or three tents out of four - were already totally abandoned with a lot of rubbish inside,” she said.

Migrants, she said, “had the time necessary to gather their belongings. The rest was good enough to throw away.”

But cameras filming at the time appeared to capture daily life continuing in the shelters marked for demolition, populated by families and other groups of refugees.

About 4,000 people are estimated to live in the camp - down from 6,000 in December – and the refugees’ presence has driven far-right sentiment in both Britain and France.

Meanwhile, the refugee crisis is reaching crisis point elsewhere in Europe as border restrictions by Austria, Slovenia, Macedonia and other nations is trapping thousands of homeless migrants in Greece after they arrive on smugglers' boats from Turkey.

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