California governor signs gun-control bills
California's governor has signed six stringent gun-control measures that will order people to turn in high-capacity magazines and require mandatory background checks for ammunition sales.
Jerry Brown's move comes as California Democrats seek to strengthen gun laws that are already among the strictest in the US.
But he vetoed five other bills, including a requirement to report lost or stolen weapons to authorities and a limit of one gun purchase a person per month.
The governor's action is consistent with his mixed record on gun control. Some of the enacted bills duplicate provisions of a November ballot measure by Democratic lieutenant governor Gavin Newsom. Some of the vetoed measures also appear in Mr Newsom's initiative.
"My goal in signing these bills is to enhance public safety by tightening our existing laws in a responsible and focused manner, while protecting the rights of law-abiding gun owners," Mr Brown wrote in a one-sentence message to politicians.
Gun control measures have long been popular with the Democrats who control the California senate and assembly. But they stepped up their push this year following the December shooting in San Bernardino by a couple who pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group.
Advocates on both sides of the gun-control debate say California has some of the nation's strictest gun laws. It is one of six states to get the highest grade from the pro-gun control Law Centre to Prevent Gun Violence.
The state's move to tighten them further comes amid years of gridlock at national level, which spawned a tense clash in Washington last week as Democrats camped out on the floor of the House of Representatives and shouted down Republicans.
The bills angered Republicans and gun rights advocates who say Democrats are trampling on 2nd Amendment rights, creating new restrictions that will not cut off the flow of guns to people intent on using them for nefarious purposes.
"On the eve of Independence Day, independence and freedom and liberty in California has been chopped down at the knees and kicked between the legs," said Sam Paredes, executive director of advocacy group Gun Owners of California.
Lawsuits challenging the new laws were likely once they took effect next year, he said.
Mr Brown's action will require people who own magazines that hold more than 10 rounds to give them up. It extends a 1999 law that made it illegal to buy a high-capacity magazine or to bring one into the state but allowed people who already owned them to keep them.
In an attempt to slow gun users from rapidly reloading, the governor signed a bill outlawing new weapons that have a device known as a bullet button.
Gun makers developed bullet buttons to get around California's assault weapons ban, which prohibited new rifles with magazines that can be detached without the aid of tools. A bullet button allows a shooter to quickly dislodge the magazine using the tip of a bullet or other small tool.
People will be allowed to keep weapons they already own with bullet buttons, which are often referred to as "California compliant", but must register them.
Mr Brown also endorsed a bill making another attempt to regulate ammunition sales after a law passed in 2009 was struck down by a Fresno County judge who said it was too vague.
The new law will require ammunition sellers to be licensed and buyers to undergo background checks. Transactions will be recorded.
He also opted to require a background check before a gun can be loaned to someone who is not a family member.
"Strong gun laws work. What we're doing in California is a better job of keeping guns out of dangerous hands," said Amanda Wilcox, a spokeswoman for the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, whose daughter was killed by a shooter using a high-capacity magazine.
The governor vetoed an effort to expand a six-month-old programme that allows courts to temporarily restrict gun ownership rights for people suspected of being dangerous and decided against restricting all firearm purchases to one per month, a limitation that already applies to handguns.
Another bill he vetoed would have asked voters to strengthen penalties for stealing a gun, which voters will already be deciding through Mr Newsom's initiative. The ballot measure also will ask voters to require reporting of lost and stolen firearms - an idea Mr Brown rejected on Friday and has rejected at least twice before.
"I continue to believe that responsible people report the loss or theft of a firearm and irresponsible people do not; it is not likely that this bill would change that," he said in a veto message.
Mr Newsom's initiative has put a spotlight on the lieutenant governor as he campaigns for the governorship in 2018. He has been at loggerheads with senate president Pro Tem Kevin de Leon, a Los Angeles Democrat who tried unsuccessfully to persuade Mr Newsom to drop the ballot measures in favour of legislative action.
Mr Brown's vetoes protected Mr Newsom's initiative from becoming moot. A spokesman for Mr Brown, Evan Westrup, said voters "will have a chance to go even further in November, if they choose".