Canada's House of Commons has passed a Bill that would make it illegal to discriminate against transgender people.
The Bill now goes to the Senate, which is unelected and is expected to approve it.
The Bill is one of the first tests of the Conservatives' resolve on gay and transgender rights in Canada at a time when Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird has been mounting a strong defence of such rights abroad.
The legislation passed by a vote of 149-137, with the crucial support of 16 Conservatives, including four cabinet ministers.
Prime Minister Stephen Harper opposed the Bill.