Censorship row over Google cuts
Google's removal of some search results in Europe is drawing accusations of press censorship.
The US firm has to comply with a strict privacy ruling made in May by the European Union's top court that enables citizens to ask for the removal of embarrassing personal information that pops up on a search of their names.
At least three British media outlets, including the Guardian newspaper and public broadcaster BBC, said they have been notified by Google that links to some of their articles were removed from search results in Europe.
The Guardian said six articles have been removed in what the newspaper calls a "challenge to press freedom". The BBC said one critical blog entry by its economics editor was removed, while the Mail Online saw four articles hit.
"It is the equivalent of going into libraries and burning books you don't like," Mail Online publisher Martin Clarke said.
BBC Economics Editor Robert Peston said the removal of his 2007 blog post, which was critical of Merrill Lynch's then-CEO Stan O'Neal, means "to all intents and purposes the article has been removed from the public record, given that Google is the route to information and stories for most people."
Google has a market share of 90% in Europe's search market.
The company says it has already received about 70,000 removal requests and its experts are going through them. The company is not saying how many appear to fall into areas the court specified as potentially objectionable: results that are "inadequate, irrelevant or no longer relevant".
Google is only starting to implement the ruling, and several German organisations said they had not yet received notifications on articles scrubbed from search results.
The company from Mountain View, California, finds itself in an uncomfortable position. It has no choice but to comply with the ruling by the EU top court, which cannot be appealed, but many decisions to remove search results are likely to draw criticism.
"This is a new and evolving process for us," Google spokesman Al Verney said. "We'll continue to listen to feedback and will also work with data protection authorities and others as we comply with the ruling."
Proponents of the court decision say it gives individuals the possibility to restore their reputation by deleting references to old debts, past arrests and other unflattering episodes. They also note that the court specified Google should not remove links to information when the public's right to know about it outweighs an individual's right to privacy - for example when a politician or public figure seeks to clean online records.
The purge of search results will apply to Google's local search pages covering the EU's 28 member nations and four other European countries, encompassing more than 500 million people. Users in Europe who switch to the firm's American domain, Google.com, will find unaltered search results.
Moreover, Google is only deleting information that appears on its own results pages. It has no control over information on external websites, which did not fall under the court's ruling.
The internet giant said each application on average asks for the removal of almost four links, meaning experts have to evaluate more than a quarter of a million requests.
The company last month said it had received about 50,000 requests since May 29. Since that time, another 20,000 requests have come in. It says it currently receives about 1,000 per day.