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COP21: Draft text of climate deal released to 200 nations

Published 09/12/2015

US Secretary of State John Kerry gives a speech during a news conference at the COP21 Climate Conference in Le Bourget, north of Paris, on December 9, 2015. AFP/Getty Images
US Secretary of State John Kerry gives a speech during a news conference at the COP21 Climate Conference in Le Bourget, north of Paris, on December 9, 2015. AFP/Getty Images
A man visits the USA pavillon at the COP21 climate change conference in Le Bourget, north of Paris, on December 9, 2015. / AFP / DOMINIQUE FAGETDOMINIQUE FAGET/AFP/Getty Images
Lyndon Pishagua Chinchuya, representatives of the indigenous peoples of the Peruvian Amazon attend a panel entitle"Development of Indigenous People, Protecting and Conserving Forests"at the COP21, United Nations Climate Change Conference, in Le Bourget, north of Paris, Tuesday, Dec. 8, 2015. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry praised business leaders in Paris for taking effective action against climate change but urged them to do more to help decision-makers reach the 2 degree target. (AP Photo/Michel Euler)
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius takes part in a plenary a session at the COP21 United Nations climate change conference in Le Bourget, outside Paris, on December 9, 2015. / AFP / DOMINIQUE FAGETDOMINIQUE FAGET/AFP/Getty Images

The draft text of a climate deal has been released to almost 200 nations at the UN climate summit in Paris.

The 29-page document sets out the bones of a deal, with a demand from vulnerable nations to limit average temperature increases to no more than 1.5C included.

Global citizens movement Avaaz in a Star Wars themed stunt with Yoda and two storm-troopers pose during a protest for Paris climate agreement to put the world on course for clean energy front of the mini red Eiffel Tower replica during the COP21, United Nations Climate Change Conference in Le Bourget, north of Paris, France, Wednesday, Dec. 9, 2015. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Global citizens movement Avaaz in a Star Wars themed stunt with Yoda and two storm-troopers pose during a protest for Paris climate agreement to put the world on course for clean energy front of the mini red Eiffel Tower replica during the COP21, United Nations Climate Change Conference in Le Bourget, north of Paris, France, Wednesday, Dec. 9, 2015. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Avaaz activists dressed as Star Wars' Yoda and stormtroopers stand in front of a replica of the Eiffel Tower as they protest during the COP21 United Nations climate change conference in Le Bourget, outside Paris, on December 9, 2015. / AFP / DOMINIQUE FAGETDOMINIQUE FAGET/AFP/Getty Images

And president of the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21), Laurent Fabius, said that the number of points to be clarified by ministers had been substantially reduced by 75pc, suggesting substantial progress had been made.

“I am absolutely convinced we will be able to reach an agreement,” Mr Fabius said.

The text sets out the points subject to further negotiation. Nothing is agreed, until everything is agreed, and the draft agreement could substantially change.

There are three options for holding the increase in global average temperatures - to below 2C; to hold “well below” 2C and scale up efforts to limit temperature increase to below 1.5 °C, or hold them below 1.5C.

On the long term goal of decarbonising the global economy, the draft text presents two very different options – one suggests reducing emissions between 40pc-70pc by 2050, or by 70pc-95pc in the same period. It also calls for a reduction to zero emissions “by the end” or “by the middle” of the century.

The second calls for long-term low global emissions over the course of the century, which is considered less ambitious.

On efforts by all nations, it says that developed nations should make cuts, with developing nations doing the same but supported by adequate finance and technology. The second option involves all countries “aiming” to reduce emissions over time.

There are also three options on financial support – new money from developed nations to meet the full costs of complying with the agreement; the second notes that developing countries are “eligible for support” and the third noting that developing countries will implement their commitments if money and support is provided.

The text also calls for a review every five years, and says countries should encourage planting forestry to 'trap' carbon.

NGOs are calling for commitments to reduce emissions from governments, called intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), to be reviewed from 2018.

The country delegations will formally respond tonight at the Comite de Paris meeting. Negotiations are expected to continue overnight, and delegates have been asked to be prepared to make compromises.

Irish Independent

Irish Independent

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