Croatia celebrating EU membership
Published 01/07/2013 | 00:00
Fireworks are ready and foreign leaders are arriving as Croatia celebrated its entry into the European Union (EU) on Sunday, some 20 years after winning independence in a bloody civil war that shook the continent.
Croatia will become the 28th EU member on Monday, the bloc's first addition since Bulgaria and Romania joined in 2007. Croatia's membership marks a historic turning point for the small country, which went through carnage after declaring independence from the former Yugoslavia in 1991.
A decade back, when Croatia started negotiating the entry, the once war-torn country was overjoyed at the prospect of becoming a member of the European elite. But with the EU in deep financial turmoil and Croatia's own economy in recession for five consecutive years, the excitement has dimmed.
Thousands of people are expected to join in the celebrations across the country, including in the main square of the capital, Zagreb, where artists will perform for dozens of EU and regional leaders until midnight when big fireworks and the singing of Beethoven's Ode to Joy - the EU's anthem - will mark the official entry into the bloc.
Customs posts will be removed from Croatia's borders with EU neighbours Slovenia and Hungary while EU signs and flags will be put on its borders with non-EU states Bosnia, Serbia and Montenegro.
But overall, the festivities will be much more modest and less jubilant than when Bulgaria and Romania - currently EU's poorest states - became members. With the entry, Croatia - a nation of 4.2 million people - will become the third poorest country in the EU.
"There are not too many festivities because the general situation is not brilliant," Croatian President Ivo Josipovic told The Associated Press in a recent interview. "We have to develop our economy, take care of those people who are jobless now, and there is no time and money for big celebrations."
With an unemployment rate hovering at about 20%, plunging living standards, endemic corruption among its political elite and its international credit rating reduced to junk, many Croats are not in the mood to celebrate.
Some economists have warned that Croatia could seek an EU financial bailout as soon as it becomes a member. But Croatia's foreign minister Vesna Pusic rejected those claims, saying that the country would qualify for bailouts only if it is a member of the eurozone, a separate 17-country group that uses the EU's common currency, the euro. Croatia is not a member of the eurozone, and will not become a member of the eurozone until all the conditions are met.
President of the European Parliament Martin Schulz called Croatia's accession a "historic day". He said: "EU membership will offer no magic solution to the crisis. But it will help to lift many people out of poverty and modernise the economy."