Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, a controversial figure from the Vietnam war era who was first lady of the Diem regime, has died in a Rome hospital aged 86.
Madame Nhu, who was registered under her original Vietnamese name Tran Lexuan, which means Beautiful Spring, died on Easter Sunday.
She was President Ngo Ding Diem's sister-in-law. Her husband headed Vietnam's secret police and she served as first lady for the bachelor president.
Madame Nhu was often referred to as the Dragon Lady and was known for her harsh remarks about Buddhists.
She went into exile in Italy after the death of the two brothers in a coup on November 1, 1963 supported by the United States.