Fresh tremor hits Ecuador as earthquake death toll passes 500
A fresh tremor rattled Ecuador overnight, a 6.1-magnitude jolt that was the strongest aftershock since a lethal earthquake killed hundreds of people on Saturday.
The tremor was centred offshore, 25km (15 miles) west of Muisne, at 3.33am local time, the US Geological Survey said.
There was no immediate report of further damage. The previous strongest aftershock was magnitude 5.7.
The National Prosecutors Office put the death toll at 525 on Wednesday - up from a previous official toll of 507 - but officials expected more bodies to be found, with the defence department reporting that more than 200 people were still missing.
The office said on its official Twitter account that there were at least 11 foreigners among the dead. It said that of the 525 fatal victims, 15 people remained unidentified but none were foreign.
The office said 435 of the dead were found in the Manta, Portoviejo and Pedernales areas.
The final toll could surpass casualties from earthquakes in Chile and Peru in the past decade.
Ecuadoreans have begun burying loved ones, while hopes faded that more survivors will be found.
In the small town of Montecristi, near the port city of Manta, two children were among those buried. They were killed with their mother while buying school supplies when the magnitude-7.8 quake struck on Saturday night.
The funeral had to be held outside under a makeshift awning because the town's Roman Catholic church was unsafe from structural damage. Family members wailed loudly and one man fainted as the children were laid to rest in an above-ground vault.
Scenes of mourning multiplied all along Ecuador's normally placid Pacific coastline, where the tremor flattened towns and killed hundreds. Funeral homes are running out of coffins to accommodate so many casualties, and local governments are paying to bring in coffins from other cities.
Even as grief mounted, there were glimmers of hope.
In several cities rescuers with sniffer dogs, hydraulic jacks and special probes that can detect breathing from far away continued to search for survivors among the rubble. At least six were found in Manta early on Tuesday.
One of the most hopeful tales was that of Pablo Cordova, who held out for 36 hours beneath the rubble of the hotel where he worked in Portoviejo, drinking his own urine and praying that mobile phone service would be restored before his phone battery died. He was finally able to call his wife on Monday afternoon and was pulled from the wreckage soon after by a team of rescuers from Colombia.
Mr Cordova's wife had given up on ever seeing him again and managed to buy a coffin.
"They were organising the funeral, but I've been reborn," Mr Cordova said, grinning from beneath his bushy moustache in a provincial hospital. "I will have to give that coffin back because I still have a long way to go before I die."
Rescuers who have arrived from Mexico, Colombia, Spain and other nations said they would keep searching for survivors on Wednesday, but cautioned that time was running out and the likelihood of finding more people alive grew smaller with the passage of every hour.
Even as authorities begin to shift their attention to restoring electricity and clearing debris, the earth continued to move. Late on Tuesday afternoon, a magnitude-5.5 tremor rattled buildings in the region. It was the second strongest of more than 400 aftershocks since the weekend quake and was felt 170 kilometres (105 miles) away in the capital Quito.
Saturday's earthquake destroyed or damaged about 1,500 buildings, triggered mudslides and left some 20,000 people homeless, the government said. It was the worst tremor in Ecuador since one in 1949 killed more than 5,000 people.
Some 13 nations are involved in the relief effort. Cuba sent doctors, Venezuela has flown in food and the US government said it is sending a team of disaster experts.
US president Barack Obama spoke by phone with Ecuadorean president Rafael Correa on Tuesday. The White House said Mr Obama offered condolences on behalf of the American people for lives lost.
The United Nations' top official for emergency relief, undersecretary general for humanitarian affairs Stephen O'Brien, toured devastated areas to see how aid pouring into the country can be best directed to ravaged communities.
Mr Correa has spent the past few days overseeing relief efforts and delivering supplies. He said the quake caused three billion dollars (£2 billion) in damage, about 3% of gross domestic product, and rebuilding would take years.
"It's going to be a long battle," he told reporters.
After a deadly earthquake in Chile in 2010, that South American country was able to get back on its feet quickly thanks to a commodities boom that was energising its economy.
But Ecuador must rebuild amid a deep recession that has forced austerity on the Opec nation's finances.
Even before the quake, the International Monetary Fund was forecasting the oil-dependent economy would shrink 4.5% this year.