Hollande declares victory in Mali
French president Francois Hollande has declared that the war on terror has been won in the West African nation of Mali, listing the towns that French and Malian troops liberated from al Qaida's local fighters earlier this year.
Mr Hollande spoke before more than a dozen heads of state at inauguration festivities for Malian president Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, who overwhelmingly won the election that France urged Mali to hold only months after the radical jihadists had been largely ousted from power in northern Mali.
"We have won this war; we have chased out the terrorists; we have secured the north and finally ... we have, you have, organised an uncontested election and the winner is now the president of Mali," Mr Hollande told the crowd gathered at a sports stadium in the capital.
"If there had not been an intervention, today the terrorists would be here in Bamako," he said.
Several radical Islamic militant groups were able to seize control of northern Mali in the aftermath of a March 2012 coup in the distant capital of Bamako. Once in power, they instituted their harsh interpretation of Islamic Shariah law, meting out amputations and whippings as punishments and forcing women to wear the veil in public.
As they threatened to push further south, France launched a military operation in January that was joined by soldiers from a number of neighbouring countries. The Jihadists retreated from major centres in the north including Timbuktu and Gao.
However, some analysts cast doubt on Mr Hollande's claim of victory. There are "persistent reports that jihadists have either started filtering back into Mali or never left," said Andrew Lebovich, an analyst who focuses on political and security issues in the Sahel and North Africa.
"While the French intervention reversed the jihadist push south, significantly degraded the capacity of regional terrorist groups to operate in Mali and killed or scattered a large number of fighters and commanders, it is a stretch to say that the war is won," he said.
Mr Keita formally took the oath of office two weeks ago as was required by the country's constitution. Malians in their finest suits and traditional gowns have poured into a sports stadium for the festivities, fanning themselves with programmes in the heat and shading themselves with umbrellas.
He spent much of his speech thanking regional leaders for their help in dislodging the extremists, and pledged to restore Mali's democratic institutions that were battered by the coup and the months of chaos that followed. "The path will be long, but we will get there with the participation of all Malians," he said.