Belfast Telegraph

Tuesday 29 July 2014

Japan cuts climate emissions target

Smoke billows from an oil refinery in Kawasaki, southwest of Tokyo. (AP)

Japan has drastically scaled back its target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, possibly complicating efforts to forge a global climate change pact.

The new target approved by the Cabinet on Friday calls for reducing emissions by 3.8% from their 2005 level by 2020. The revision was necessary because the earlier goal of a 25% reduction from the 1990 level was unrealistic, the chief government spokesman, Yoshihide Suga, told reporters in Tokyo.

He called that target "completely baseless."

The new target represents a 3% increase over 1990 emissions. Given Japan's status as the world's third largest economy and fifth largest source of greenhouse gas emissions, the decision to back away from the more ambitious target could be a significant setback for efforts to reach a new agreement at world climate talks now under way in Warsaw, Poland.

Under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, Japan pledged to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 6% to 1.186 billion tons a year on average over the five years to March 2013. It has since opted out of the agreement, though came close to meeting that goal before the 2011 accident at the Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear power plant prompted shut-downs of all nuclear plants for safety checks.

The resulting shift back toward reliance on coal, oil and gas for power, and use of diesel generators, has hindered further progress.

Emissions in the fiscal year that ended in March were up 2.8% from the year before, and at 1.207 billion tons, the second highest after a record 1.218 billion tons in fiscal 2007.

The new goal doesn't take into account possible emissions reductions if Japan restarts some of its nuclear plants, as the government is hoping to do. So it will be revised before the next climate pact is due to be set two years from now, said Masami Tamura, director of the Foreign Ministry's Climate Change Division.

Environment Minister Nobuteru Ishihara plans to explain Japan's stance and seek understanding from other participants at the talks next week. Tokyo also is planning to provide 16 billion dollars (£10bn) in aid for emissions reductions in developing countries and to commit 110 billion dollars (£68bn) to research on energy and the environment.

Japan is among many Asian nations experiencing extreme weather that could be linked to climate change, a concern conveyed in an emotional appeal to "stop this madness" by Yeb Sano, envoy to the 190-nation Warsaw talks from the Philippines, where thousands are dead and missing from super-typhoon Haiyan.

In Warsaw, the initial reaction to Japan's announcement was consternation even though there is wide understanding of Japan's energy challenges after the 2011 tsunami.

"I don't have any words to describe my dismay," said Su Wei, deputy chief of the Chinese delegation to the climate talks.

In Japan, the powerful Federation of Economic Organisations, or Keidanren, has issued a counterproposal for cutting emissions.

Before the Fukushima disaster, Japan's carbon emissions were on a par with European industrial nations such as France, Germany and Britain.

AP

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