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Libyan parties reach peace deal

Published 12/07/2015

Libya has been split between an elected government in the country's far east and an Islamist-led government backed by militants in Tripoli
Libya has been split between an elected government in the country's far east and an Islamist-led government backed by militants in Tripoli

Libyan political leaders have reached a new version of a UN-brokered peace deal, putting pressure on the Tripoli leadership to sign on and build a unity government.

The Tripoli government took part in earlier stages of talks but refused to participate in the latest discussions in the Moroccan city of Skhirat. Members of Libya's internationally recognised parliament and local and regional leaders initialled the agreement, brokered by UN envoy Bernardino Leon.

Negotiators plan to meet again after Ramadan to work on forming an interim government and finalising a power-sharing agreement - with or without the Tripoli holdouts.

Libya has been split for nearly a year between an elected parliament in the country's far east and an Islamist-led government backed by militias that seized the capital.

Lacking central authority, the country has seen mounting extremist activity, including by the Islamic State group and al Qaida-linked militants, and become a haven for migrant trafficking.

Mr Leon said the door remained open for the Tripoli government to join the accord. Morocco's Foreign Ministry said in a statement that the main sticking points were over which parties would run which institutions.

Abdul Gader Alhowailly of the Tripoli government said his GNC party met last week and voted against the draft, asking for amendments.

The UN envoy said in a statement that members of militias would be integrated into civilian and military government institutions, and offered job opportunities "for a decent life according to a clear plan and timetable".

The statement promised the full commitment of international community to ensure it is carried out and that it "brings Libya back to the democratic path".

Many accuse Western countries of contributing to Libya's turmoil by not offering more support after a Nato-led bombing campaign ousted authoritarian leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, as Arab Spring uprisings swept through the region.

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