Markets await Federal Reserve moves
The US Federal Reserve is running out of options to try to boost a slumping economy and lower unemployment leaving policymakers expected to reach 50 years back into their history for their next move.
Most economists expect the Fed to announce a plan to shift money in its 1.7 trillion US dollar portfolio out of short-term securities and into longer-term holdings.
The plan could lower Treasury yields further. Ultimately, it could reduce rates on mortgages and other consumer and business loans, too.
Fed chairman Ben Bernanke is expected to advocate the move despite criticism from within the Fed and from Republican politicians and presidential candidates.
On Monday, the four highest-ranking Republicans in Congress sent Mr Bernanke a letter cautioning the Fed against taking further steps to lower interest rates. Their letter suggested that lower rates could escalate the risk of high inflation.
The plan the Fed is considered most likely to unveil today has been dubbed Operation Twist and dates to the early 1960s. The Fed used a similar programme then to "twist" long-term rates lower relative to short-term rates.
Expectations that the Fed will do so again, along with renewed fears of another recession, have led investors to buy up US Treasurys. Treasury yields have dropped in response.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury note last week touched a historic low of 1.87%. Yesterday, it finished slightly higher, 1.93%.
Once the Fed announced last month that it would expand its September meeting from one to two days, most economists have predicted that policymakers would unveil some new step. Mr Bernanke has said that the Fed is considering a range of options.
The central bank is under pressure to revive an economy that has limped along for more than two years since the recession officially ended.