The only gunman charged over last year's Mumbai massacre has addressed a court for the first time.
But Mohammed Ajmal Kasab appeared via video link to his maximum security prison because it was thought too much of a risk for him to appear in person.
Kasab, a Pakistani captured during the attacks, asked for an Urdu translation of court documents that include details of the charges he faces, his confession and witness testimony.
The court rejected his request, saying he will be given a lawyer who can read English and Marathi, the two languages in which the documents were printed.
Kasab, 21, was charged last month with 12 criminal counts, including murder and waging war against India and could face the death penalty if convicted.
Nine other attackers were killed during the three-day siege in November, which left 164 people dead and targeted luxury hotels, a Jewish centre and other sites across the city.
"The court has condemned the application of Kasab asking that he be provided a translated copy of the charge sheet, but we will provide him a lawyer from the legal aid department of the state government who will be well-versed in English and Marathi," special public prosecutor Ujjwal Nikam told reporters later.
Kasab has no lawyer and a prominent group of Indian lawyers has ordered its members not to defend him or any other suspects in the Mumbai attacks, making it likely that the government will provide him with counsel.
The trial will be conducted by a special court in Mumbai's Arthur Road jail where Kasab is housed.
India has blamed the attack on Lashkar-e-Taiba, an Islamist militant group widely believed created by Pakistani intelligence agencies in the 1980s to fight India rule in the divided Kashmir region.