N Korea cancels UN chief's visit
UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon said that North Korea has cancelled an invitation for him to visit a factory park in the country that is the last major co-operation project between the rival Koreas.
Mr Ban had previously said that he wanted to go on Thursday to the Kaesong industrial park just north of the heavily fortified Korean border to help improve ties between North and South Korea, which jointly run the complex but have seen their always-tense ties worsen in recent weeks.
The former South Korean foreign minister would have been the first UN chief to visit the factory park, which opened in 2004 and is a rare legitimate source of foreign currency for the impoverished North, and the first UN head to visit North Korea since Boutros Boutros-Ghali in 1993.
North Korea gave no reason when it told the UN of its decision to cancel his trip, Mr Ban told a forum in Seoul.
Analysts had said Mr Ban's trip was not likely to bring any major breakthrough in ties between the Koreas, and some have calculated that North Korea made a last-minute decision to cancel because it was unlikely to get much out of such a visit.
"This decision by Pyongyang is deeply regrettable," Mr Ban said, adding that he will spare no effort to encourage North Korea to work with the international community for peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and beyond.
Relations between the Koreas are strained over North Korean missile and other weapon tests that South Korea views as provocations. There are also worries after South Korea's spy agency said last week that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un had his defence chief executed by anti-aircraft gunfire in late April.
Lim Byeong Cheol, a spokesman for Seoul's unification ministry, expressed regret over the North's decision, saying the country must accept offers for dialogue and co-operation by the UN and other members of the international community instead of isolating itself.
North Korea has sometimes invited high-profile figures such as former US president Jimmy Carter under the expectation that those people would listen to its concerns and then mediate in various standoffs with the outside world, including allegations of human rights abuses and its pursuit of nuclear armed missiles that could hit the US mainland. But North Korea appears to have determined that Mr Ban would only back the views of Seoul and Washington during his trip, said Lim Eul Chul, a North Korea expert at South Korea's Kyungnam University.
North Korea probably did not want to see Mr Ban "delivering a peace message ... and asking them to come back to six-nation nuclear talks without any preconditions and to talk to South Korea to improve ties", Lim said. "I think North Korea has concluded Ban's visit won't be helpful for them."
The Kaesong park opened during a period of warming ties between the Koreas and has been considered a test case for unification, pairing cheap local labour with South Korean know-how and technology.
It has survived periods of animosity, including North Korea's artillery bombardment of a South Korean island in 2010, while other cross-border projects, such as tours to a scenic North Korean mountain, remain deadlocked.
However, the park's operations were halted for five months in 2013 after North Korea withdrew its 53,000 workers amid tension over a torrent of threats by the North to launch nuclear attacks on Seoul and Washington.
The Korean Peninsula remains in a technical state of war because the 1950-53 Korean War ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty.