New Delhi announces car restrictions to fight air pollution
New Delhi is imposing new rules to reduce its notorious traffic jams and fight extreme air pollution that has earned India's capital the title of the world's most polluted city.
From January 1, for several weeks, private cars will only be allowed on roads on alternate days, depending on whether their licence plates end in even or odd numbers.
The city's pollution peaks during the cold winter months.
The city also plans to shut down one of its thermal power plants and to buy special vacuum cleaning equipment to reduce the dust that shrouds the city.
The Badarpur power plant, commissioned in the early 1970s, uses outdated equipment and often breaks down.
Traffic police will also be told to ensure that diesel-guzzling trucks, which move through the city at night, enter only after 11pm. Currently trucks are allowed to enter the city at 9pm, often resulting in massive traffic jams.
Kewal Kumar Sharma, the city's chief secretary, said the government plans to have the vacuum cleaning equipment in place by April.
The announcement came a day after the Delhi High Court upbraided the city's government for "alarming" air pollution levels in the city.
Earlier this year the city ordered all private cars older than 10 years to be taken off the roads, becoming the second major city in the world to do so after Beijing.
Last year, the World Health Organisation named the Indian capital as the world's most polluted, with 12 other Indian cities ranking among the worst 20.
In November and early December the city's air quality slumped to hazardous levels, with levels of PM2.5 pollutants, the very fine particles that get lodged inside the lungs and cause the most damage, soaring to 12 times above the WHO's safety level of 25 micrograms per cubic metre.
The city has been blanketed in grey smog, and while there is no reliable data on respiratory diseases, most doctors in the capital report a sharp spike in pollution-related illness during the winter months.
Sunita Narain, director of the Centre for Science and Environment, a Delhi-based research and advocacy group, said the government had responded "to a public health emergency".
"I would like to thank the Delhi government," she told reporters.