New Kenyan constitution becomes law
Kenya's president has signed a new constitution into law that institutes a US-style system of checks and balances and has been hailed as the most significant political event since Kenya's independence nearly a half century ago.
Joining African leaders at the festivities was Sudan's president who faces charges of genocide and crimes against humanity in connection with violence in Darfur, where UN officials estimate 300,000 people have died.
It is only the second time that Omar al-Bashir has risked arrest by travelling to a member state of the International Criminal Court since he was first charged in 2009. The ICC has no police force and depends on member states to enforce its orders.
Human rights groups had urged the Kenyan government to bar al-Bashir from the festivities but Kenya's foreign minister defended al-Bashir's presence.
"He is a head of state of a friendly neighbour state," Foreign Affairs Minister Moses Wetangula said. "We invited all our neighbours and they honoured the invitation."
Kenya's new constitution is part of a reform package that leaders committed themselves to after signing a power-sharing deal in February 2008. That deal ended violence that killed more than 1,000 people following Kenya's disputed December 2007 presidential vote.
"Whether Kenya allows a suspected war criminal into Kenya is a test of the government's commitment to a new chapter in ensuring justice for atrocities," said Elise Keppler, senior counsel in the International Justice Program at Human Rights Watch.
"The Kenyan government should stand with victims, not those accused of horrible crimes, by barring al-Bashir from Kenya or arresting him."
The event comes after an overwhelming majority of Kenyan voters adopted the new constitution in an August 4 referendum. President Mwai Kibaki's signature formally marks the end of a decades-long struggle to cut down the massive powers of the presidency.
The government and parliament now must implement the ambitious document, a process expected to take up to five years. The document requires, among other things, the formation of a Supreme Court and a Senate. It also demands that the country's judiciary be vetted to rid it of corrupt or incompetent judges and that parliament pass 49 new laws.