North Dakota pipeline firm seeks court permission to proceed with work
The company behind a controversial 3.8 billion dollar (£3 billion) US oil pipeline is seeking a judge's permission to circumvent US president Barack Obama's administration and move ahead with a disputed section of the project in North Dakota.
Dallas-based Energy Transfer Partners and a subsidiary have asked the court to let them lay pipe under a Missouri River reservoir, a plan the Native American Standing Rock Sioux say threatens their drinking water and cultural sites.
T he Army Corps of Engineers said it needs more time to study the impact of the plan.
While President-elect Donald Trump, a pipeline supporter, likely would greenlight the project when he takes office in January, the company is trying to win federal approval - or a court order - to allow it to go forward now.
The delay has already cost nearly 100 million dollars, the company said in court documents, "and further delay in the consideration of this case would add millions of dollars more each month in costs which cannot be recovered".
The company has blamed the Obama administration for "political interference" in the pipeline review process.
Protests over the pipeline are being held across America, from California to Vermont. Activists called for demonstrations at Army Corps of Engineers offices and at banks financing the pipeline construction.
Twenty-eight protesters have been arrested near Mandan, North Dakota, after a group of about 400 protesters put a truck and tree branches on BNSF Railway tracks near a pipeline work staging area and tried to set it alight , Morton County police said.
Trains were delayed three hours, railroad spokeswoman Amy McBeth said. Officers in riot gear used pepper spray and in one instance a stun gun against protesters who refused to leave.
Mandan is about 50 miles north of a camp where hundreds of protesters have gathered in recent months to oppose the pipeline. Robert F Kennedy Jr, an environmental attorney and president of the New York-based Waterkeeper Alliance, which seeks to protect watersheds worldwide, visited the camp on Tuesday, speaking out against the arrests of protesters and a project he says will benefit billionaires, and not the American people.
He said: "What they are doing here is a crime, an environmental crime, and there are real victims."
In Columbus, Ohio, an activist blocked traffic by handcuffing himself under a vehicle at a city centre intersection. In Montpelier, Vermont, more than 100 people gathered outside a bank, chanting, singing songs and holding signs saying "Water is Life" and "Standing With Standing Rock".
"It may seem hopeless, like David against Goliath, but we believe that if we're persistent and we recruit, that this movement will grow and hopefully these kinds of projects will stop," said protester Lee Shen of Thetford Centre, Vermont.
The Corps called for more study and input from the Standing Rock Sioux before it decides whether to allow the pipeline to cross under Lake Oahe.
The 1,200-mile pipeline which will carry North Dakota oil through South Dakota and Iowa to a shipping point in Illinois is largely complete except for that stretch, which will skirt the Native American tribe's reservation.
Governor Jack Dalrymple said additional delay "does nothing but prolong and intensify the public safety issues imposed on Morton County and the state of North Dakota since the beginning of August," when protests against the pipeline broke out.
Mr Dalrymple added that a decision on the project easement "is long overdue" and that the pipeline would be safe.
In July, the Corps granted Energy Transfer Partners (ETP) the permits needed for the project, but it said in September that further analysis was warranted, given the tribe's concerns.
Its announcement came amid speculation that federal officials are on the brink of approving the crossing. ETP last week began preparing equipment to bore under the river.
ETP disputes that the pipeline would endanger the tribe, and CEO Kelcy Warren noted earlier that Army Assistant Secretary Jo-Ellen Darcy had informed company officials and Tribal Chairman Dave Archambault that the Corps' previous permit decisions "comported with legal requirements".
ETP contends that the Corps has no legal justification for the delay.