A woman and her brother have been convicted of "justifying a crime" after her toddler son - named Jihad - went to a French nursery school in a T-shirt bearing the words "I am a bomb" and "Jihad: Born on Sept. 11."
Bouchra Bagour was given a 2,000-euro (£1,700) fine and a one-month suspended prison sentence and her brother, Zayed, received a 4,000-euro (£3,400) fine and two-month suspended sentence in Nimes on Friday.
Prosecutors had appealed after a lower court in nearby Avignon acquitted the defendants in April.
Gaele Guenoun, the mother's lawyer, said she was astonished the verdict was overruled.
The case centered on a teacher's complaint after the boy, whose birthday is September 11, wore the shirt to nursery last year. The brother had the shirt made.