Turkish police have used water cannon to disperse thousands of people gathered in Istanbul's Taksim Square to observe a memorial for four people killed during recent anti-government protests.
The officers later fired tear gas and rubber bullets to scatter demonstrators when they regrouped in side streets.
The police move came as prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan claimed foreign-led conspirators he blames for the anti-government movement in his country are also behind unrest in Brazil.
The protests in Turkey erupted three weeks ago after riot police brutally cracked down on peaceful environmental activists who opposed plans to develop Gezi Park, which lies next to Taksim. The demonstrations soon turned into expressions of discontent with what critics say is Mr Erdogan's increasingly authoritarian rule.
The premier, who took power a decade ago, denies he is authoritarian and, as evidence of his popularity, points to elections in 2011 that returned his party to power with 50% of the vote and gave him a third term in office.
Demonstrators converged in Taksim, where they laid down carnations in remembrance of at least three protesters and a police officer killed in the rallies. For about two hours, protesters shouted anti-government slogans and demanded that Mr Erdogan resign before police warned them to leave the square. Some demonstrators tried to give carnations to the security forces watching over the square, shouting: "Police, don't betray your people." But after their warnings to disperse were ignored, police pushed back protesters with water cannon, even chasing stragglers down side streets and apparently blocking entrances to the square.
Police reportedly drove back protesters into side streets off Taksim - including the main pedestrian shopping street Istiklal - and later fired several rounds of tear gas and rubber bullets to scatter the crowds who refused to disperse. There were no immediate reports of any injuries.
Police in the capital, Ankara, also sprayed tear gas and pressurised water to break up hundreds of protesters who gathered in two neighbourhoods, wanting to march to the city's main square, the Dogan news agency reported.
Mr Erdogan has faced fierce international criticism for his government's crackdown on the protests, but he has defended his administration's actions as well as the tough police tactics. He has blamed the protests on unspecified foreign forces, bankers and foreign and Turkish media outlets he says want to harm Turkish interests.
During an address to tens of thousands of his backers in the Black Sea coastal city of Samsun, the latest stop in a series of rallies he has called to shore up his political support, Mr Erdogan said Brazil was the target of the same conspirators he claims are trying to destabilise Turkey.