'Shell No' demo on Arctic drilling
Hundreds of activists decked out in wetsuits and life jackets took to the water off Seattle in kayaks, canoes, paddleboards and other vessels to send the message that Royal Dutch Shell should cancel its plan to drill in the Arctic Ocean.
The "Shell No" protest was held close to where Shell's Polar Pioneer drilling rig is docked.
Once out on the water, kayakers gathered in formation and hoisted signs and banners that read: "Climate Justice", "Oil-Free Future" and "We can't burn all the oil on the planet and still live on it". Many had posters or red scarfs that had the Shell logo with crossed kayak paddles underneath, resembling the skull-and-crossbones image.
Annie Leonard, executive director of the environmental group Greenpeace USA, said there is a long list of reasons why drilling in the Arctic is a bad idea. The focus should be on renewable energy in this time of climate change, not dirty fuels, she said.
"Why would we invest in an energy source that scientists say is leading us to catastrophe?" Ms Leonard said. Many also fear that an oil spill in such a delicate and remote region would be a disaster on many levels.
Greg Huyler, a scuba diver, stood on the pavement and shook his head in opposition to the event.
"It's a bunch of crap," he said. "The problem is, all of these kayaks are petroleum products, and they're going to gripe about drilling for oil. And 90 per cent of them drove here in cars that use petroleum products."
Alli Harvey, Alaska representative for the Sierra Club's Our Wild America campaign, said: "Science is as clear as day when it comes to drilling in the Arctic: the only safe place for these dirty fuels is in the ground."
At the centre of the paddle protest was the People's Platform, a 4,000-square foot (372-square metre) barge powered by renewable energy, said Jonathon Berman, of the Sierra Club. The platform was used as a stage for speakers, a band and a tall screen that showed images of people expressing their opposition to Shell's plans.
The Polar Pioneer is the first of two oil drilling rigs that Royal Dutch Shell plans to use this summer as it explores for oil off Alaska's northern coast. The second rig, the Noble Discoverer, is set to join the Polar Pioneer at the Port of Seattle at a later date.
The Arctic holds about 30% of the world's undiscovered natural gas and 13% of its oil, according to Shell's website.
"This amounts to around 400 billion barrels of oil equivalent, 10 times the total oil and gas produced in the North Sea to date," Shell's site says. "Developing Arctic resources could be essential to securing energy supplies for the future, but it will mean balancing economic, environmental and social challenges."
The activists see it differently. The protesters say it is critical that they take a stand "against dirty fossil fuel projects". They want to put themselves on the front lines in the battle for Arctic oil.