South Korean court holds hearing on impeached president
South Korea's Constitutional Court has held its first preparatory hearing in the trial of impeached President Park Geun-hye, whom politicians have voted to remove over an explosive corruption scandal which has seen millions of people protest in past weeks.
The court confirmed it will hear allegations that Ms Park colluded with longtime confidante Choi Soon-sil to extort money and favours from major South Korean companies and allowed her to interfere with government affairs from the shadows.
The court also said it would review accusations in the impeachment bill that Ms Park was responsible for media restrictions and government inaction during a 2014 ferry sinking in which more than 300 people died, mostly of them teenagers on a school trip.
After discussions with Ms Park's lawyers and with politicians who are the prosecutors at her impeachment trial, the court decided to summon as witnesses Choi and two former presidential secretaries. Both were arrested earlier for allegedly helping Choi extort from companies and passing her confidential government information.
The court has up to six months to decide whether Ms Park should permanently step down or be reinstated. Her presidential powers are suspended until then, with the prime minister assuming the role of government caretaker. The next preparatory hearing in Ms Park's trial is scheduled for December 27.
South Korea's opposition-controlled parliament voted to impeach the president on December 9 as the scandal grew. The investigation has widened with a special prosecutor since Wednesday carrying out raids at the offices of the national pension fund and trying to detain Choi's daughter, Yoora Chung, who is believed to be in Germany.
Choi is suspected of exploiting her presidential ties to get Ms Chung, an equestrian athlete, into an elite university despite questionable qualifications. Lee Jae-yong, the scion of Samsung, South Korea's largest business group, has apologised over the use of corporate funds to buy a horse for Ms Chung, but denied that Samsung sought favours from Choi or Ms Park's administration.
After a request from investigators, Seoul's Foreign Ministry said it will soon order Choi's daughter to hand in her passport. It will be invalidated if she does not return it, ministry spokesman Cho June-hyuck said.
An official from the investigation team led by special prosecutor Park Young-soo earlier said it had obtained a warrant to detain Ms Chung and had asked for help from German prosecutors in finding her and obtaining evidence, such as financial transaction and phone records. A German prosecution official told South Korean media that Germany will co-operate with South Korean investigators.
Samsung is under suspicion that it sponsored Choi in an effort to win government backing for a controversial merger between two affiliates last year which allowed Mr Lee to further promote a father-to-son transfer of leadership and corporate wealth at the group. Mr Lee's father, Samsung chairman Lee Kun-hee, has been in hospital since suffering a heart attack in 2014.
Samsung and other major companies gave a combined 77.4 billion won (£52.4 million) to two non-profit foundations Choi allegedly controlled and abused to expand her personal wealth.
The National Pension Service, which was raided on Wednesday, supported the merger between the two Samsung affiliates even though the fund's stake in one of the companies lost an estimated hundreds of millions of dollars in value. Investigators also searched an office at the Ministry of Health and Welfare, which governs the pension service.