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Spanish banking magnate Botin dies

Spanish banking magnate Emilio Botin, who built the country's Banco Santander into a global financial giant and was widely seen as the nation's most influential business leader, has died of a heart attack aged 79.

Banco Santander's board of directors unanimously agreed to appoint Mr Botin's eldest daughter Ana to replace him as chair, the company said in a statement. The 53-year-old was CEO of Santander UK in London.

Born into a family of bankers, Mr Botin was known for his hands-on leadership. He turned Banco Santander, previously run by his father, into Spain's biggest and then into the eurozone's largest by market capitalisation through a prolonged and aggressive series of acquisitions. He also transformed it into a major bank in Latin America.

Mr Botin was known for visiting bank branches to meet with employees and had influence in political circles in Spain and abroad, rubbing shoulders frequently with Spain's royalty and prime ministers and Latin American heads of state. He did not hesitate, however, to criticise government economic policies in the media when he disagreed with them.

Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy said Mr Botin seemed fine and in good health when the two had a meeting last week.

His death is "a surprise and at the same time a big blow. He was a great ambassador for the Spanish brand", Mr Rajoy told reporters in the halls of parliament.

A bank spokeswoman said he died on Tuesday night after suffering a heart attack at his home.

One of his daughters was married to famed Spanish golfer Severiano Ballesteros, who died in 2011. And through Santander, Mr Botin was a sponsor of Formula 1 racing, in particular Spanish driver Fernando Alonso.

Under his leadership, the bank boosted its name recognition and influence across Spain by financing university programmes, scholarships and social and cultural events.

The bank's 10 main markets are in Spain, Brazil, Britain, Mexico, Portugal, Germany, Chile, Argentina, Poland and the United States. It has 102 million customers and more than 186,000 employees.

Mr Botin and 11 relatives were investigated in 2011 for possible income and wealth tax evasion focusing on accounts the family held in Switzerland, but Spain's National Court dropped the probe in 2012.

The Botin family's lawyers said the accounts stemmed from assets Mr Botin's father held outside Spain when he died and that about 200 million euro (£160 million) in back taxes were paid to normalise the situation.

Santander's shares closed down 0.7% in Madrid on Wednesday while Spain's main stock index slipped 0.1%. The announcement about Ana Botin's appointment came after the market closed.

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