Belfast Telegraph

Saturday 27 December 2014

The 10 greatest landmarks of Steve Jobs' Apple odyssey

Mario Spinetti sits outside the Apple Store on West 66th Street after hearing of the deat of Steve Jobs, founder and former CEO of Apple Inc., in the early hours of October 6, 2011 in New York City.
Mario Spinetti sits outside the Apple Store on West 66th Street after hearing of the deat of Steve Jobs, founder and former CEO of Apple Inc., in the early hours of October 6, 2011 in New York City.
Apple's Steve Jobs, who has died aged 56.
Apolline Arnaud, 12, a neighbor of Steve Jobs, writes a message in front of Jobs' home in Palo Alto, Calif., Wednesday, Oct. 5, 2011. Jobs, the Apple founder and former CEO who invented and masterfully marketed ever-sleeker gadgets that transformed everyday technology, from the personal computer to the iPod and iPhone, has died. He was 56. (AP Photo/Paul Sakuma)
NEW YORK, NY - OCTOBER 05: A card reading "R.I.P. Steve Jobs" sits outside the Apple Store on West 66th Street on October 5, 2011 in New York City. Jobs, 56, passed away October 5, 2011 after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and is credited, along with Steve Wozniak, with marketing the world's first personal computer in addition to the popular iPod, iPhone and iPad. (Photo by Andrew Burton/Getty Images)
An iPhone displays an image of Steve Jobs as it sits with a memorial to the Apple founder and former CEO outside an Apple Store, Wednesday, Oct. 5, 2011 in New York
Apple CEO Steve Jobs, pictured here in 2010 at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference in San Francisco, has died
FILE - In this Oct. 2, 1997, file photo, Steve Jobs of Apple Computer, speaks during the Seybold publishing conference in San Francisco, in front of a poster of artist Pablo Picasso from Apple's latest advertising campaign. Apple on Wednesday, Oct. 5, 2011 said Jobs has died. He was 56. (AP Photo/Thor Swift, File)
NEW YORK, NY - OCTOBER 06: Mario Spinetti sits outside the Apple Store on West 66th Street after hearing of the deat of Steve Jobs, founder and former CEO of Apple Inc., in the early hours of October 6, 2011 in New York City. Jobs, 56, passed away October 5, 2011 after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and is credited, along with Steve Wozniak, with marketing the world's first personal computer in addition to the popular iPod, iPhone and iPad. (Photo by Andrew Burton/Getty Images)
CUPERTINO, CA - OCTOBER 05: A crowd gathers at a makeshift memorial for Steve Jobs at the Apple headquarters on October 5, 2011 in Cupertino, California. Jobs, 56, passed away after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and is credited, along with Steve Wozniak, with marketing the world's first personal computer in addition to the popular iPod, iPhone and iPad. (Photo by Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)
CUPERTINO, CA - OCTOBER 05: Flowers and an iPad showing a picture of Steve Jobs are placed at a makeshift memorial for Steve Jobs at the Apple headquarters on October 5, 2011 in Cupertino, California. Jobs, 56, passed away after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and is credited, along with Steve Wozniak, with marketing the world's first personal computer in addition to the popular iPod, iPhone and iPad. (Photo by Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)
CUPERTINO, CA - OCTOBER 05: A crowd gathers at a makeshift memorial for Steve Jobs at the Apple headquarters on October 5, 2011 in Cupertino, California. Jobs, 56, passed away after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and is credited, along with Steve Wozniak, with marketing the world's first personal computer in addition to the popular iPod, iPhone and iPad. (Photo by Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)
CUPERTINO, CA - OCTOBER 05: People light candles at a makeshift memorial for Steve Jobs at the Apple headquarters on October 5, 2011 in Cupertino, California. Jobs, 56, passed away after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and is credited, along with Steve Wozniak, with marketing the world's first personal computer in addition to the popular iPod, iPhone and iPad. (Photo by Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)
CUPERTINO, CA - OCTOBER 05: Flowers and an iPad showing a picture of Steve Jobs are placed at a makeshift memorial for Steve Jobs at the Apple headquarters on October 5, 2011 in Cupertino, California. Jobs, 56, passed away after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and is credited, along with Steve Wozniak, with marketing the world's first personal computer in addition to the popular iPod, iPhone and iPad. (Photo by Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)
CUPERTINO, CA - OCTOBER 05: Flags fly at half staff following the death of Steve Jobs at the Apple headquarters on October 5, 2011 in Cupertino, California. Jobs, 56, passed away after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and is credited, along with Steve Wozniak, with marketing the world's first personal computer in addition to the popular iPod, iPhone and iPad. (Photo by Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)
CUPERTINO, CA - OCTOBER 05: Flowers and an iPad showing a picture of Steve Jobs are placed at a makeshift memorial for Steve Jobs at the Apple headquarters on October 5, 2011 in Cupertino, California. Jobs, 56, passed away after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and is credited, along with Steve Wozniak, with marketing the world's first personal computer in addition to the popular iPod, iPhone and iPad. (Photo by Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)
Georgia Tech students Sarah Malis, 20, left, and Marcela Moreno, 20, sit around an Apple laptop computer at a Starbucks store Wednesday, Oct. 5, 2011 in Atlanta. Steve Jobs, the Apple founder and former CEO who invented and masterfully marketed ever-sleeker gadgets that transformed everyday technology, from the personal computer to the iPod and iPhone, died Wednesday. (AP Photo/David Goldman)
Apple products are placed on a makeshift shrine following the death of Steve Jobs at Apple headquarters Wednesday, Oct. 5, 2011 in Cupertino, Calif. Jobs, the Apple founder and former CEO who invented and masterfully marketed ever-sleeker gadgets that transformed everyday technology, from the personal computer to the iPod and iPhone, has died. He was 56. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez)
A Chinese photographer adjusts a picture of Steve Jobs near flowers laid in tribute outside an Apple retail store in Beijing, China, Thursday, Oct. 6, 2011. Steve Jobs, the co-founder of Apple Inc. and father of the iPhone, has died at age 56. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan)
Apple co-founder Steve Jobs has died aged 56
An iPhone displays an image of Steve Jobs as it sits with a memorial to the Apple founder and former CEO outside an Apple Store in New York

Apple founding father Steve Jobs had no formal schooling in engineering, yet he's listed as the inventor or co-inventor on more than 300 US patents. Here are 10 of the most significant products created under his direction:

  • Apple I (1976) - Apple's first product was a computer for hobbyists and engineers, made in small numbers. Steve Wozniak designed it, while Mr Jobs orchestrated the funding and handled the marketing.
  • Apple II (1977) - One of the first successful personal computers, the Apple II was designed as a mass-market product rather than something for engineers or enthusiasts. It was still largely Mr Wozniak's design. Several upgrades for the model followed, and the product line continued until 1993.
  • Lisa (1983) - Mr Jobs' visit to Xerox's research centre in Palo Alto inspired him to start work on the first commercial computer with a graphical user interface, with icons, windows and a cursor controlled by a mouse. It was the foundation for today's computer interfaces, but the Lisa was too expensive to be a commercial success.
  • Macintosh (1984) - Like the Lisa, the Macintosh had a graphical user interface. It was also cheaper and faster and had the backing of a large advertising campaign. People soon realised how useful the graphical interface was for design. That led "desktop publishing", accomplished with a Mac coupled to a laser printer, to soon become a sales driver.
  • NeXT computer (1989) - After being forced out of Apple, Mr Jobs started a company that built a powerful workstation computer. The company was never able to sell large numbers, but the computer was influential: the world's first web browser was created on one. Its software also lives on as the basis for today's Macintosh and iPhone operating system.
  • iMac (1998) - When Mr Jobs returned to Apple in 1996, the company was foundering, with an ever shrinking share of the PC market. The radical iMac was the first step in reversing the slide. It was strikingly designed as a bubble of blue plastic that enclosed both the monitor and the computer. Easy to set up, it captured the imagination just as people across the world were having their eyes opened to the benefits of the internet and considering getting their first home computer.
  • iPod (2001) - It wasn't the first digital music player with a hard drive, but it was the first successful one. Apple's expansion into portable electronics has had vast ramifications. The iPod's success prepared the way for the iTunes music store and the iPhone.
  • iTunes store (2003) - Before the iTunes store, buying digital music was a hassle, making piracy the more popular option. The store simplified the process and brought together tracks from all the major labels. The store became the largest music retailer in the US in 2008.
  • iPhone (2007) - The iPhone did for the phone experience what the Macintosh did for personal computing - it made the power of a smartphone easy to harness. Apple is now the world's most profitable maker of phones, and the influence of the iPhone is evident in all smartphones.
  • iPad (2010) - Dozens of companies, including Apple, had created tablet computers before the iPad, but none caught on. The iPad finally cracked the code, creating a whole new category of computer practically by itself.

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