Thousands in Hong Kong remember Tiananmen victims
Tens of thousands of people have poured into Hong Kong's Victoria Park to remember the victims of the Chinese military's bloody June 4 1989 crackdown on student-led pro-democracy protests in Beijing's Tiananmen Square.
Participants laid a wreath and held a moment of silence at the annual vigil - the only large-scale public commemoration of Beijing's brutal crackdown held on Chinese soil.
In Beijing, authorities tightened security around Tiananmen Square, highlighting the enduring sensitivity over the events among the Communist Party leadership.
Organisers in Hong Kong were expecting 100,000 people to attend Saturday's vigil to mark the 27th anniversary of the crackdown, though the threat of rain might have kept numbers down.
The vigil is organised by the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China. It demands that Beijing overturn its verdict that the Tiananmen protests were a counter-revolutionary riot. It also calls for one-party dictatorship in China to be replaced by democracy.
Hong Kong student groups that have been long-standing supporters of the vigil dropped out this year because of a disagreement over the vigil's aims. Instead, university and college students were holding discussion forums on the future of Hong Kong on Saturday evening.
The move by the student groups underscores the widening rift that emerged between younger and older generations of pro-democracy activists over the idea of Hong Kong's identity following 2014 protests over the Chinese government's decision to restrict elections in the semi-autonomous city.
It follows the decision in April by student leaders to quit the Hong Kong Alliance because they believe one of its main aims, fighting for democracy in mainland China, is no longer realistic. They also think the vigil's formulaic format fails to appeal to the younger generation.
Lily Wong, a 21-year-old legal assistant, was attending the vigil with her friend Cecilia Ng, 19. They did not disagree with some of the criticisms levelled by the student groups, such as the vigil's repetitive format and that it was dominated by Hong Kong's main pro-democracy group, but said it remained important.
"This is not a perfect event, but there are some meaningful things for us," Wong said. "It is very important for Hong Kong."
In Taiwan's capital, Taipei, Wu'er Kaixi, one of the student leaders of the 1989 Tiananmen protests, was among about 200 people gathered at Liberty Square for a memorial event.
"The spirit of June 4 is an act of courageous humans pursuing the universal value of freedom," he said. "This spirit will not be crushed under machine guns and tanks. It will not die because of (the Chinese government's) suppression."
Ahead of the anniversary, family members of those killed in the crackdown were placed under additional restrictions, either confined to their homes or forced to leave the capital.
China's government has rejected their calls for an independent accounting of the events and those killed and maimed by soldiers.
At least half a dozen people have reportedly been detained in recent days for attempting to commemorate the events, although a small group wearing T-shirts condemning the crackdown converged on the square last Sunday.
Among them was former house painter Qi Zhiyong, whose leg was amputated after he was shot by troops.
In Washington, the US State Department called for a "full public accounting of those killed, detained, or missing and for an end to censorship of discussions about the events of June 4, 1989, as well as an end to harassment and detention of those who wish to peacefully commemorate the anniversary."
Asked on Friday about the anniversary, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said China had "long ago reached a clear conclusion about the political turmoil at the end of 1980s and other related issues."
China's explosive economic growth in the years that followed "proves that the path of socialism with Chinese characters we chose to follow ... is in line with the fundamental interests of the Chinese people, and it represents a wish shared by them all," said Ms Hua.