Top German spy warns of political cyber attacks
Germany's foreign intelligence chief is warning of cyber attacks aimed at political destabilisation as the country prepares for an election next year.
And Bruno Kahl says evidence suggests there was Russian involvement in hacking during the US presidential campaign.
Mr Kahl, who leads the Federal Intelligence Service, said that his agency knows of "cyber attacks that have no other point than causing political insecurity".
He said that "Europe is in the focus of this attempted disruption, and Germany in particular".
US authorities have concluded Russia was responsible for hacking Democratic National Committee emails, which Russia denies. Mr Kahl said he has "indications it comes from those quarters".
He said it is technically difficult to assign blame to any "state actor" - but that "some things speak for it being at least tolerated or wished for on the part of the state".
"The perpetrators have an interest in delegitimising the democratic process as such - whomever that later helps," Mr Kahl was quoted as saying.
"I have the impression that the outcome of the American election isn't causing mourning in Russia so far."
Traces left on the internet suggest that those responsible wanted to demonstrate what they can do, "and not just in the US elections," he said.
Germany's election is expected next September, and votes in the Netherlands and France are scheduled earlier in the year.
Mr Kahl, whose agency is best known by its German acronym BND, said that Germany is not alone on the list of target countries.
And he added: "it could be that the increasing transparency on these matters will lead to a rethink."
"It is right to address this kind of thing openly," he said. "A kind of pressure is being exerted on public discourse and democracy that is not acceptable."
His comments follow a large internet outage that affected almost a million customers of German telecoms giant Deutsche Telekom starting on Sunday.
Germany's Federal Office for Information Security said the outage was part of a world-wide attack on internet routers that exploited unsecured maintenance ports.
The government's secure communications network was also targeted - but protective measures prevented it from being affected, the agency said.
Asked whether the outage resulted from a Russian attack, Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere said he did not want to speculate on the origin.
"At the moment, who exactly the initiator was is not certain," he added.