Turkey failed coup: Who is Fethullah Gulen? [Infographic]
US-based cleric Fethullah Gulen's Hizmet movement -- a network of schools, newspapers, TV stations and banks -- is designated as a terrorist organisation in Turkey.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has blamed Gulen for a botched military coup on July 15. Some 50,000 soldiers, police, judges, civil servants, teachers and journalists have been detained or removed from office.