Walt Disney executives and their Shanghai partners used golden shovels to break ground for a long-sought Chinese theme park that will feature the world's biggest Magic Kingdom castle.
The 24.5 billion yuan (£2.25 billion) park in Shanghai's south-eastern suburbs is meant to serve as a brand-building cornerstone, luring legions of newly affluent Chinese with world-class facilities that will be "authentically Disney, but distinctly Chinese", said Disney chief executive Bob Iger.
"Today is the culmination of many years of hard work, dedication and partnership," Mr Iger said. "This is a defining moment in our company's history."
After more than a decade of haggling, Shanghai's communist leaders seemed equally enthusiastic about the project, which will serve as an anchor for an "international tourism resort zone" with hotels and other large-entertainment venues. It will be Disney's fourth theme park outside the US, after Paris, Tokyo and Hong Kong.
"Disney is a classic urban entertainment brand," said the city's mayor, Han Zheng. "This project will help improve Shanghai's profile as a world famous tourism destination."
The project is a new showcase for this city of 22 million, whose aspirations as a tourism destination were fortified by the 2010 World Expo, which drew a record 72 million visitors during its six-month run - almost all of them Chinese tourists.
Both sides are presumably hoping the park will prove more successful than Hong Kong Disneyland, which has struggled to remain profitable though it reports increasing popularity with visitors from the mainland, who account for more than 40% of attendance.
Initial plans call for the Shanghai park, at 225 acres, to be even smaller than the 310-acre one in Hong Kong, which is undergoing expansion by about a quarter. But the surrounding resort area in Shanghai, at 963 acres, will be more than twice the size of the Disney resort in Hong Kong, making comparisons of size between the two venues difficult, said Tom Staggs, chairman of Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, calling it "apples and oranges".
The Shanghai park will have several advantages including the general lack of historic attractions in the region, which is home to more than 300 million people all looking for ways to spend their growing incomes and leisure time.
Details of the park's design are still being worked out, but plans call for it to feature Disney's biggest castle, an "attraction unto itself", a spacious green area, a lake and plenty of space for anticipated huge crowds, Mr Iger said.