Belfast Telegraph

Sunday 28 December 2014

Egypt crisis: Protesters propose a new kind of politics

CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: A woman protesting against the Egyptian government uses a burned out car to make a phone call February 3, 2011 in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt. The stand off between anti- and pro-President Hosni Mubarak factions in Egypt's central square continuted February 3, after a day and night of violence in which hundreds were injured in clashes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: A wounded anti-government protester is carried off after being struck by a rock during clashes with pro-government supporters near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government protester throws rocks at pro-government supporters near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - FEBRUARY 03: Passengers arrive at Gatwick Airport's South Terminal on a Foreign Office-chartered flight from Cairo, Egypt on February 3, 2011 in London, England. (Photo by Oli Scarff-WPA Pool/Getty Images)
Anti-Mubarak protesters (bottom) clash with pro-Mubarak supporters in Tarhir Square, Cairo, Egypt, as the violence continues. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Thursday February 3, 2011. At least eight people have been killed and hundreds injured in clashes in and around the Square, where pro-government attackers opened fire on protesters early this morning. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An army tank keeps Supporters of President Mubarak (top) separate from anti-government protestors in Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army have positioned tanks between protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Anti-government protesters throw rocks at pro-government supporters near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Anti-government protesters throw rocks at pro-government supporters near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Anti-government protesters taunt and throw rocks at pro-government supporters near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government protester throws rocks at pro-government supporters near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Anti-government protesters carry rocks to throw at pro-government supporters near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: A wounded anti-government protester is carried off after being struck by a rock during clashes with pro-government supporters near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government protester taunts while throwing rocks at pro-government supporters near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government demonstrator is treated for a head wound after being hit by a rock in clashes on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army positioned tanks between the protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government demonstrator is treated for a head wound after being hit by a stone in clashes on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Egyptian army positioned tanks between the protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government demonstrator holds a sign during clashes on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Initial protests against the government were organized on internet social media. The Egyptian army positioned tanks between the protesters during a second day of violent skirmishes in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Anti-government protesters throw rocks at pro-government supporters as they try to protect themselves from incoming stones near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government protester is carried off after being wounded during clashes with pro-government supporters near a highway overpass on the edge of Tahrir Square the afternoon of February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between anti- and pro-government factions in Egypt's central square continued February 3, with anti-government forces gaining more territory outside of Tahrir Square from Egyptians loyal to the government of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government protester exhorts fellow demonstrators to make space for Egyptian army soldiers on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army positioned tanks between the protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Egyptian men protest against the government of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek during a march in central Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The standoff between anti- and pro-Mubarek factions in Egypt's central square continued after a day and night of violence in which hundreds were injured in clashes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: A captured Egyptian man that anti-government protesters allege is a member of the Egyptian government security forces screams as his handcuffed are adjusted in an ad hoc anti-government command center February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Anti-government Egyptian leaders questioned the man and several other suspected security officers, who were captured near Tahrir Square, allegedly trying to blend in with anti-government protesters. The standoff between anti- and pro-Mubarak factions in Egypt's central square continued after a day and night of violence in which hundreds were injured in clashes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images) ***BESTPIX***
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: A protesting Egyptian man, who was struck in the face with a rock during recent clashes with supporters of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek, stands in central Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The standoff between anti- and pro-Mubarek factions in Egypt's central square continued after a day and night of violence in which hundreds were injured in clashes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: A captured Egyptian man suspected of being in the government security forces is roughly handled by anti-government protesters in Tahrir Square February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Anti-government Egyptian leaders have captured dozens of Egyptians they allege are government police or intelligence officers, trying to blend in with anti-government protesters. The standoff between anti- and pro-Mubarek factions in Egypt's central square continued after a day and night of violence in which hundreds were injured in clashes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Anti-government protestors rest in a truck after clashes with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak in Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army have positioned tanks between protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government protestor holds a blooded Egyptian flag in Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army have positioned tanks between protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images) ***BESTPIX***
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Anti-government protestors wave Egyptian flags in Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army have positioned tanks between protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An injured anti-government protestor rests amongst rocks in Tahrir Square after clashes with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army have positioned tanks between protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: A man looks down from the window of a derelict house as anti-government protestors man barricades in Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army have positioned tanks between protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government protestor holds a rock as he looks down on supporters of President Mubarak from the roof of a derelict house in Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army have positioned tanks between protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Anti-government protestors look down from the roof of a derelict house in Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army have positioned tanks between protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
An Egyptian pro government protester shouts as he is held back by Army soldiers in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. New clashes are heating up again and shots are being fired in the air around Cairo's central Tahrir Square as anti-government protesters push back regime supporters. The two sides are trading volleys of stone-throwing, but government backers are falling back and protesters are swarming onto a highway overpass from which their rivals had pelted them with stones and firebombs overnight. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)
Anti-government protestors throw stones during clashes in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. Another bout of heavy gunfire and clashes erupted Thursday around dusk in the Cairo square at the center of Egypt's anti-government chaos, while new looting and arson spread around the capital. Gangs of thugs supporting President Hosni Mubarak attacked reporters, foreigners, and human rights workers and the army rounded up foreign journalists. (AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner)
A wounded anti-government protester holds up his bloodied hand as he is carried by others back from clashes with pro-government supporters near the Egyptian Museum in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. Anti-government protesters and regime supporters clashed in a second day of rock-throwing battles, while gangs of thugs supporting Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak attacked reporters, foreigners and rights workers as the army rounded up foreign journalists and new looting and arson were reported. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
An anti-government protestor displays a haircut reading "Out" in Cairo's main square, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. New clashes are heating up again and shots are being fired in the air around Cairo's central Tahrir Square as anti-government protesters push back regime supporters. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
An anti-government protester throws rocks at pro-government supporters, while another talks on his mobile phone, right, during clashes between the two sides near the Egyptian Museum in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. Protesters and regime supporters skirmished in a second day of rock-throwing battles at a central Cairo square while new lawlessness spread around the city. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
A soldier standing on a tank gestures in Cairo's Tahrir Square, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. The Egyptian military is taking up positions between anti-government demonstrators and supporters of President Hosni Mubarak. Hours after automatic gunfire hit the protest camp at Tahrir Square, soldiers carrying rifles could be seen lining up between the two sides late Thursday morning. Several hundred other soldiers were moving toward the front line. (AP Photo/Victoria Hazou)
An anti-government protester swings an Egyptian flag, while smoking a cigarette, to beckon others to reinforce those at the frontline of clashes with pro-government supporters, near the Egyptian Museum in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. Protesters and regime supporters skirmished in a second day of rock-throwing battles at a central Cairo square while new lawlessness spread around the city. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Anti-government protesters continue to occupy Tahrir Square on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes between groups opposed to President Hosni Mubarak and supporters of his 30 year rule continued into the night, as the Egyptian health minister reported that five people died in yesterday's violence. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government protester wears a makeshift helmet during a stone-throwing battle with supporters of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army positioned tanks between the protesters who had been battling for a second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: Anti-government protesters throw stones towards supporters of President Hosni Mubarak on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army positioned tanks between the protesters who had been battling for a second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
A wounded anti-government demonstrator flashes the V sign in Cairo's Tahrir Square, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. The Egyptian military is taking up positions between anti-government demonstrators and supporters of President Hosni Mubarak. Hours after automatic gunfire hit the protest camp at Tahrir Square, soldiers carrying rifles could be seen lining up between the two sides late Thursday morning. Several hundred other soldiers were moving toward the front line. (AP Photo/Victoria Hazou)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government protester tries to restrain comrades from lynching a captured supporter of President Hosni Mubarak on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The army positioned tanks between the protesters who had been battling for a second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 03: An anti-government demonstrator prays near Egyptian army vehicles on February 3, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Army positioned tanks between the protesters who had been battling with supporters of President Hosni Mubarak for the second day in and around Tahrir Square in Cairo. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
Anti-government protestors throw stones during clashes in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. Another bout of heavy gunfire and clashes erupted Thursday around dusk in the Cairo square at the center of Egypt's anti-government chaos, while new looting and arson spread around the capital. Gangs of thugs supporting President Hosni Mubarak attacked reporters, foreigners, and human rights workers and the army rounded up foreign journalists. (AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner)
Journalist Christiane Amanpour talks to Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak (AP Photo/ABC News) NO SALES
Soldiers protect a suspected pro-government supporter, bottom left in red, near Cairo's main square, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. New clashes are heating up and shots are being fired in the air around Cairo's central Tahrir Square as anti-government protesters push back regime supporters.(AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
Egyptians shout anti-Mubarak slogans during a march in Alexandria, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. Egyptian authorities battled to save President Hosni Mubarak's regime with a series of concessions and promises to protesters, but realities on the streets of Cairo may be outrunning his capacity for change. (AP Photo/Tarek Fawzy)
Egyptian anti government protesters throw stones during clashes in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. New clashes are heating up again and shots are being fired in the air around Cairo's central Tahrir Square as anti-government protesters push back regime supporters.The two sides are trading volleys of stone-throwing, but government backers are falling back and protesters are swarming onto a highway overpass from which their rivals had pelted them with stones and firebombs overnight. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)
A Egyptian pro-government protester is prevented throwing stones by soldiers in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. New clashes are heating up again and shots are being fired in the air around Cairo's central Tahrir Square as anti-government protesters push back regime supporters. The two sides are trading volleys of stone-throwing, but government backers are falling back and protesters are swarming onto a highway overpass from which their rivals had pelted them with stones and firebombs overnight. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)
An anti-government protester, right, attempts to protect an injured suspected pro-government supporter, center, from other protesters near Tahrir, or Liberation square in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. New clashes are heating up and shots are being fired in the air around Cairo's central Tahrir Square as anti-government protesters push back regime supporters.(AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
Protestors throw stones in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. Egypt's prime minister apologized for an attack by government supporters on protesters in a surprising show of contrition Thursday, and the government offered more concessions to try to calm the wave of demonstrations demanding the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
Egyptian anti government protesters throw stones during clashes in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. New clashes are heating up again and shots are being fired in the air around Cairo's central Tahrir Square as anti-government protesters push back regime supporters. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)
An injured Egyptian doctor treats an injured suspected pro-government supporter, near Tahrir, or Liberation square in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2011. New clashes are heating up and shots are being fired in the air around Cairo's central Tahrir Square as anti-government protesters push back regime supporters.(AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
Anti-government protestors throw stones during clashes in Cairo, Egypt.
Supporters of embattled Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak ride horses through the melee during a clash between pro- and anti-Mubarak protesters February 2, 2011 in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt.
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 02: An anti-government protestor shows blooded hands from an injury received during clashes with supporters of President Mubarak in Tahrir Square on February 2, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Anti-government protestors continue to occupy Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo after President Mubarak announced that he would not run for another term in office but stay in power until elections later this year. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
A supporter of embattled Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek rides a camel through the melee during a clash between pro-Mubarek and anti-government protesters in Tahrir Square on February 2, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt.
A supporter of embattled Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek is thrown from a horse during a clash between pro-Mubarek and anti-government protesters in Tahrir Square on February 2, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt.
Pro-government demonstrators, below, and anti-government demonstrators, above, clash in Tahrir Square, the center of anti-government demonstrations, in Cairo, Egypt Wednesday, Feb. 2, 2011.
A demonstrator in Tahrir or Liberation Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Anti-government protestors waves their shoes, in a gesture of anger, after President Hosni Mubarak announces that he will not seek re-election on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Anti-government protestors wave their shoes, in a gesture of anger, after President Hosni Mubarak announces that he will not seek re-election on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: An anti-government protestor waves a shoe, in a gesture of anger, after President Hosni Mubarak announced that he will not seek re-election on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Anti-government protestors in Tahrir Square continue to defy the curfew as they listen to a radio as President Hosni Mubarak announces that he will not seek re-election on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Anti-government protestors continue to defy the curfew as they stand with placards in Tahrir Square on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Anti-government protestors continue to defy the curfew as they wait to hear President Hosni Mubarak speak on television in Tahrir Square on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Protesters wave a flag from a light pole near an effigy of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek after he gave a speech on his political future in Tahrir Square February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. In a pre-recorded televised address to the country, President Mubarak announced that he would not run for another term in office, but whether protesting Egyptians would agree with him about staying in office until elections later this year is uncertain. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Protestors gather in Tahrir Square on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo demanding the resignation of Egyptian President Hosni Mubare. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Protesting Egyptian men watch Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek give a speech on a projected television screen in Tahrir Square February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. In a pre-recorded televised address to the country, President Mubarak announced that he would not run for another term in office, but whether protesting Egyptians would agree with him about staying in office until elections later this year is uncertain. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Protestors gather in Tahrir Square on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Protestors gather in Tahrir Square on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: A man gives a victory sign in Tahrir Square on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo demanding the resignation of Egyptian President Hosni Mubare. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: People hold up their identity cards as they enter Tahrir Square on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo demanding the resignation of Egyptian President Hosni Mubare. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: A man sings anti-government slogans during a massive rally in Tahrir Square February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: A man shouts anti-government slogans on a megaphone during a massive rally in Tahrir Square February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: A man shouts anti-government slogans during a massive rally in Tahrir Square February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Protestors gather in Tahrir Square on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: A youth with an Egyptian flag painted on his face stands in Tahrir Square on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: A poster placed on a lamp post calls for the return of the internet after it was shut down by the government on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Protests in Egypt continued with the largest gathering yet, with many tens of thousands assembling in central Cairo, demanding the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - FEBRUARY 01: Traders work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) at the end of the trading day on February 1, 2011 in New York City. Despite investor's fears of the protests in Egypt spreading through global markets, the Dow Jones industrial average (INDU) rallied 148 points to close up over 12,000, its highest level in two years. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: A youth waves Egyptian flags from a lamp post in Tahrir Square on February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Egyptian army has said it will not fire on protestors as they gather in large numbers in central Cairo. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images) ***BESTPIX***
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Protesters watch Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek give a speech on a projected television screen in Tahrir Square February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. In a pre-recorded televised address to the country, President Mubarak announced that he would not run for another term in office, but whether protesting Egyptians would permit him stay in office until elections later this year is uncertain. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Protesters show the soles of their shoes, a grave insult in Arab Muslim countries, as a reaction after Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek gave a speech to the nations on a projected television screen in Tahrir Square February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. In a pre-recorded televised address to the country, President Mubarak announced that he would not run for another term in office, but whether protesting Egyptians would agree with him about staying in office until elections later this year is uncertain. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: A protester shows the sole of their shoe, a grave insult in Arab Muslim countries, as a reaction after Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek gave a speech to the nations on a projected television screen in Tahrir Square February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. In a pre-recorded televised address to the country, President Mubarak announced that he would not run for another term in office, but whether protesting Egyptians would agree with him about staying in office until elections later this year is uncertain. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
A soldier holds a crying girl from his armored vehicle just outside Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Victoria Hazou)
A soldier looks out of his armored vehicle just outside Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Victoria Hazou)
An anti-government protester holds a banner showing a picture of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and reading "Bye Bye Mubarak" during the continuing demonstration in Tahrir square in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
Young girls wave Egyptian flags atop an armored vehicle just outside Tahrir or Liberation Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Victoria Hazou)
Anti-government protesters pray, as others demonstrate in Tahrir, or Liberation Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
A crowd remains late afternoon in Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
A group of pro-government supporters, one carrying a knife, right, take to the streets following Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's speech, in the Imbaba neighborhood of Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Feb. 2, 2011. After Mubarak announced Tuesday he would not run for a new term in September elections but rejected protesters' demands he step down immediately and leave the country, clashes erupted between protesters and government supporters in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria and gunshots were heard, according to footage by Al-Jazeera television. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
A group of pro-government supporters take to the streets following Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's speech, in the Imbaba neighborhood of Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Feb. 2, 2011. After Mubarak announced Tuesday he would not run for a new term in September elections but rejected protesters' demands he step down immediately and leave the country, clashes erupted between protesters and government supporters in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria and gunshots were heard, according to footage by Al-Jazeera television. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
A group of pro-government supporters take to the streets holding a poster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak after his speech, in the Imbaba neighborhood of Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Feb. 2, 2011. After Mubarak announced Tuesday he would not run for a new term in September elections but rejected protesters' demands he step down immediately and leave the country, clashes erupted between protesters and government supporters in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria and gunshots were heard, according to footage by Al-Jazeera television. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
A group of pro-government supporters take to the streets following Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's speech, in the Imbaba neighborhood of Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Feb. 2, 2011. After Mubarak announced Tuesday he would not run for a new term in September elections but rejected protesters' demands he step down immediately and leave the country, clashes erupted between protesters and government supporters in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria and gunshots were heard, according to footage by Al-Jazeera television. Writing in arabic on poster showing Hosni Mubarak reads "The people of the island of Imbaba. Yes to the NDP (the ruling National Democratic Party). The Island of Imbaba. Yes to Mubarak". (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
People watch soldiers controlling access near Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. Security officials say authorities have shut down all roads and public transportation to Cairo, where tens of thousands of people are converging to demand the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
People walk on their way to Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. Security officials say authorities have shut down all roads and public transportation to Cairo, where tens of thousands of people are converging to demand the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
CAIRO, EGYPT - FEBRUARY 01: Two Egyptian men stand by the Pyramids February 1, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. The Pyramids, Egypt's most notable historical treasure, have been officially closed since street protests rocked the country, demanding the resignation of Egyptian President Hosni Mubare. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
Young girls wave Egyptian flags atop an armored vehicle just outside Tahrir or Liberation Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Victoria Hazou)
Anti-government protesters demonstrate as night falls in Tahrir, or Liberation Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
A demonstrator reacts in Tahrir or Liberation Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
Anti-government protesters pray, as others demonstrate in Tahrir, or Liberation Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
Demonstrators pray in Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
Young girls wave Egyptian flags atop an armored vehicle just outside Tahrir or Liberation Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Victoria Hazou)
Clerics from Al Azhar Islamic university address the crowd in Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. Tens of thousands of people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square as a call for a million protesters was answered by the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Victoria Hazou)
A veiled woman holds a poster calling for President Hosni Mubarak to go, in Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. Tens of thousands of people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square as a call for a million protesters was answered by the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Victoria Hazou)
A musician performs in Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. Tens of thousands of people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square as a call for a million protesters was answered by the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. The slogan on the drum reads "Egyptian youths love their country". (AP Photo/Victoria Hazou)
A demonstrator holds a poster showing Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and reading "Leave oppressor" in Tahrir or Liberation,Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
An Egyptian man waves his national flag atop a statue just outside Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
A girl standing on a man's shoulders reacts during a demonstration in Tahrir, or Liberation, Square in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Feb. 1, 2011. More than a quarter-million people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square in by far the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
Muslims pray in Tarhir Square, Cairo, Egypt, as protesters gather calling for President Hosni Mubarak to stand down. Tuesday February 1, 2011.
A man standing on lamppost and holding spent ammunition cartridges reacts on Tahrir, or Liberation Square, in Cairo, Egypt, Monday Jan. 31, 2011. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo's streets Tuesday to ratchet up pressure for President Hosni Mubarak to leave. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
Women shout during an anti-government demonstration in Cairo, Egypt, Monday Jan. 31, 2011. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo's streets Tuesday to ratchet up pressure for President Hosni Mubarak to leave. (AP Photo/Mohammed Abou Zaid)
An Egyptian family riding a scooter pass by a fire-damaged shopping mall guarded by an army tank in Cairo, Egypt, Monday, Jan. 31, 2011. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo's streets Tuesday to ratchet up pressure for President Hosni Mubarak to leave. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)
An Egyptian tank enters Tahrir Square in Cairo with anti-Mubarak slogans painted in Arabic
Egyptian special forces secure the main floor inside the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Egypt, Monday, Jan. 31, 2011. Would-be looters broke into Cairo's famed Egyptian Museum on Saturday Jan. 29, 2011, ripping the heads off two mummies and damaging some artifacts before being caught and detained by army soldiers, Egypt's antiquities chief Zahi Hawass said Saturday, while reporting that the vandals did not manage to steal any of the museum's antiquities, and that the prized collection is secure from thieves and under military guard.(AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
Egyptian Nobel Peace laureate and democracy advocate Mohamed ElBaradei addresses the crowd at Tahrir Square in Cairo, Sunday Jan.30, 2011. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)
Protesters throw firebombs at riot police after police shot at protesters accompanying the funeral procession of an anti-government protester killed yesterday, in a street near Tahrir square in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Jan. 29, 2011. Thousands of protesters returned to Cairo's central Tahrir Square, chanting slogans against Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and demanding his departure. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
A man with a bandaged face uses a cellular phone during a demonstration in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday Jan. 30, 2011. Minutes before the start of a 4 p.m. curfew, at least two jets appeared and made multiple passes over downtown, including a central square where thousands of protesters were calling for the departure of President Hosni Mubarak. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)
In this photo taken Friday, Jan.28, 2011, a crowd demonstrate in Alexandria, Egypt. Thousands of Alexandrians met to pray Sunday Jan 30 in downtown Alexandria, a Mediterranean port city that is a stronghold of the Muslim Brotherhood. After prayers, the crowd marched towards the city's old mosque to pray for the souls of those who died in the protests. (AP Photo/Tarek Fawzi)
In this photo taken Saturday, Jan.29, 2011, a crowd demonstrate in Alexandria, Egypt. Thousands of Alexandrians met to pray Sunday Jan 30 in downtown Alexandria, a Mediterranean port city that is a stronghold of the Muslim Brotherhood. After prayers, the crowd marched towards the city's old mosque to pray for the souls of those who died in the protests.(AP Photo/Tarek Fawzi)
An anti-government protester cries out after seeing the body of another who was shot by police moments before, in Tahrir square in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Jan. 29, 2011. Thousands of anti-government protesters returned to Cairo's central Tahrir Square, chanting slogans against Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and demanding his departure. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
Egyptian men sit as they try to protect from looting the Arcadia shopping center, that was already partially looted, damaged and set on fire by people in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday, Jan. 30, 2011. Cairo residents boarded up homes and set up neighborhood watches of citizens armed with guns, clubs and knives as looting and violence engulfed the capital. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
Egyptian army soldiers read newspapers as they sit atop their armored vehicles in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday, Jan. 30, 2011. With the police having disappeared from the streets, residents reported gangs of youths, some on motorbikes, roaming the streets, looting supermarkets, shopping malls and stores. Some of the gangs made it to affluent residential areas in the suburbs, breaking into luxury homes and apartments. The crackle of gunfire could be heard in the city center as well as outlying districts. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 29: Protestors flee a volley tear gas in Tarhir Square on January 29, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Tens of thousands of demonstrators have taken to the streets across Egypt in Cairo, Suez, and Alexandria to call for the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak. Riot police and the Army have been sent into the streets to quell the protests, which so far have claimed 32 lives and left more than a thousand injured. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images) *** BESTPIX ***
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man walks through flood water near government buildings on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man watches as an Egyptian Army tank approaches on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man sweeps up debris from the site of violence the previous day between marchers and government forces on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A protester walks though Tahrir Square carrying food on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An exhausted marcher rests in Tahrir Square after days of protests on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Exhausted Egyptians rest on the grass in in Tahrir Square after days of protests on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man walks through the charred remains of a burned government building January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images) *** BESTPIX ***
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An Egyptian Army officer sympathizing with marchers is carried during an anti-government protest in Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Egyptian Army soldiers drive an armored personel carrier slowly through throngs of anti-government protesters in Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An Egyptian Army soldier stands by during a demonstration against President Hosni Mubarak in Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man watches as an Egyptian Army tank approaches on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - JANUARY 29: People protest against the regime of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak outside of the United Nations on January 29, 2011 in New York City. Egypt, a Muslim nation that has a long and deep-seated relationship with America is the latest Muslim country after Tunisia to be shaken by waves of violent protests demanding that the current regime step down. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An anti-government protester cries during Islamic prayers in Tahrir Square at sundown January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Anti-government protesters conduct Islamic prayers in Tahrir Square at sundown January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man holds an Egyptian flag as the sun sets on a mass anti-government protest in Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An anti-government protester cries during Islamic prayers in Tahrir Square at sundown January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images) *** BESTPIX ***
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man in Tahrir Square holds a piece of paper with a drawing of President Hosni Mubarak on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man in Tahrir Square holds a placard on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: People pray in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man in Tahrir Square holds an anti US placard on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man wrapped in an Egyptian flag gestures in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A boy in Tahrir Square holds doctored photographs of President Hosni Mubarak on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: People in Tahrir Square pray for the dead on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man in Tahrir Square holds a placard calling for President Hosni Mubarak to ''go out'' on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man gestures as he speaks to protestors in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. Broadcasts from the Al-Jazeera television network via an Egyptian satellite have now been halted. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei waves to supporters in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An Egyptian Army soldier holds a flower given to him by anti-government protesters in Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man smiles as the sun sets on a mass anti-government protest in Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Protesters beckon to Egyptian Army soldiers during a demonstration against President Hosni Mubarek in Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An Egyptian man enters through the windows of a looted McDonalds restaurant just off of Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man stands in the charred hallway of a burned government building January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An Egyptian man holds a chain as part of a ad-hoc neighborhood security militia in residential neighborhood in central Cairo the afternoon of January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Egyptians look at a fighter jet flying loudly over central Cairo in a residential neighborhood the afternoon of January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An Egyptian man looks at fighter jets flying loudly over central Cairo in a residential neighborhood the afternoon of January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Egyptians shout, wave flags, and gesture at an Egyptian Army helicopter buzzing over Tahrir Square the afternoon of January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Anti-government protesters chant and sing in Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Anti-government protesters stand together and watch a mass gathering in Tahrir Square, defying a 4 pm curfew January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Egyptians gather in the muddy grassy area of central Tahrir Square during a mass protest against the Egyptian government during the late afternoon January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: People in Tahrir Square gesture at a low flying police helicopter as the curfew begins on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images) *** BESTPIX ***
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: People in Tahrir Square celebrate after hearing an incorrect rumour that President Hosni Mubarak had left the country on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A woman shouts as she blocks the entry of army tanks to Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images) *** BESTPIX ***
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A woman shouts as she blocks the entry of army tanks to Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An Egyptian Army soldier is a handed a flower by an anti-government protesters in Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An Egyptian Army soldier (center) prays along with anti-government protesters during the afternoon in Tahrir Square January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei speaks to supporters in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images) *** BESTPIX ***
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei waves to supporters in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei arrives to speak to supporters in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Protestors block the entry of army tanks to Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Protestors sit down to block the entry of army tanks to Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A protestor writes a message on a placard in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Protestors stand under a placard in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
Tanks move through the streets near Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, as protesters gather to call for the resignation of President Mubarak. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday January 30, 2011. Egypt risks falling into the hands of extremists if President Hosni Mubarak does not push ahead with a democratic 'transformation', Foreign Secretary William Hague warned today. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
The pyramids are seen as a military helicopter flies over Cairo, Egypt, as protesters gather to call for the resignation of President Mubarak. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday January 30, 2011. Egypt risks falling into the hands of extremists if President Hosni Mubarak does not push ahead with a democratic 'transformation', Foreign Secretary William Hague warned today. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
A military helicopter flies low over Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, as mass protests against the three-decade rule of President Hosni Mubarak continue across the country. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday January 30, 2011. Egypt risks falling into the hands of extremists if President Hosni Mubarak does not push ahead with a democratic 'transformation', Foreign Secretary William Hague warned today. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
An army officer is held on the shoulders of protesters in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, as mass protests against the three-decade rule of President Hosni Mubarak continue across the country. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday January 30, 2011. Egypt risks falling into the hands of extremists if President Hosni Mubarak does not push ahead with a democratic 'transformation', Foreign Secretary William Hague warned today. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
A fighter plane flies low over Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, as mass protests against the three-decade rule of President Hosni Mubarak continue across the country. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday January 30, 2011. Egypt risks falling into the hands of extremists if President Hosni Mubarak does not push ahead with a democratic 'transformation', Foreign Secretary William Hague warned today. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
A boy is treated at a makeshift hospital in a mosque off Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, as mass protests against the three-decade rule of President Hosni Mubarak continue across the country. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday January 30, 2011. Egypt risks falling into the hands of extremists if President Hosni Mubarak does not push ahead with a democratic 'transformation', Foreign Secretary William Hague warned today. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
A military helicopter flies low over Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, as mass protests against the three-decade rule of President Hosni Mubarak continue across the country. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday January 30, 2011. Egypt risks falling into the hands of extremists if President Hosni Mubarak does not push ahead with a democratic 'transformation', Foreign Secretary William Hague warned today. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: A man walks through the charred remains of a burned government building January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: People defy a government curfew as they continue to occupy Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: Opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei arrives to speak to supporters in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: People pray in front of army tanks in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: An Egyption military fighter jet and helicopter pass low over Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes after Police were nowhere to be seen on the streets. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
CAIRO, EGYPT - JANUARY 30: People pray in front of army tanks in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew, demanding the resignation of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarek. As President Mubarak struggles to regain control after five days of protests he has appointed Omar Suleiman as vice-president. The present death toll stands at 100 and up to 2,000 people are thought to have been injured during the clashes which started last Tuesday. Overnight it was reported that thousands of inmates from the Wadi Naturn prison had escaped and that Egyptians were forming vigilante groups in order to protect their homes. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images) *** BESTPIX ***
An Egyptian man uses his mobile phone to take a picture of the Arcadia shopping center, that was looted, damaged and set on fire by people in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday Jan. 30, 2011. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
Amal Elbahi, originally from Cairo, speaks during a demonstration near the Egyptian Embassy in Washington Saturday, Jan. 29, 2011, as demonstrators, holding signs and chanting, demanded that Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak step down. The demonstrators also criticized the Obama administration's response to the clashes in Egypt, where thousands of protesters have thrown the country's 30-year-old regime into tumult. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
A military helicopter flies low over Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, as mass protests against the three-decade rule of President Hosni Mubarak continue across the country. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday January 30, 2011. Egypt risks falling into the hands of extremists if President Hosni Mubarak does not push ahead with a democratic 'transformation', Foreign Secretary William Hague warned today. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
A man walks through a street off Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, as mass protests against the three-decade rule of President Hosni Mubarak continue across the country. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday January 30, 2011. Egypt risks falling into the hands of extremists if President Hosni Mubarak does not push ahead with a democratic 'transformation', Foreign Secretary William Hague warned today. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
A boy is treated at a makeshift hospital in a mosque off Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, as mass protests against the three-decade rule of President Hosni Mubarak continue across the country. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Sunday January 30, 2011. Egypt risks falling into the hands of extremists if President Hosni Mubarak does not push ahead with a democratic 'transformation', Foreign Secretary William Hague warned today. See PA story POLITICS Egypt. Photo credit should read: Lewis Whyld/PA Wire
In this Sunday, Jan. 30, 2011 photo provided by Mona Seif, an Egyptian tank enters Tahrir Square in Cairo with anti-Mubarak slogans painted in Arabic. (AP Photo/Mona Seif) NO SALES
An Egyptian soldier walks past anti-government protesters as they pray in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday, Jan. 30, 2011. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
Protesters wave at a military helicopter flying over a demonstration in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday Jan. 30, 2011. Minutes before the start of a 4 p.m. curfew, at least two jets appeared and made multiple passes over downtown, including a central square where thousands of protesters were calling for the departure of President Hosni Mubarak. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)
In this photo released by China's Xinhua news agency, demonstrators gather near the main Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt, on Saturday Jan. 29, 2011. Thousands of anti-government protesters have returned to Cairo's central square, chanting slogans against Hosni Mubarak just hours after the Egyptian president fired his Cabinet but refused to step down. (AP Photo/Xinhua, Cai Yang) NO SALES
A man walks past military vehicles blocking a street in Cairo, Sunday, Jan. 30, 2011. The Arab world's most populous nation appeared to be swiftly moving closer to a point at which it either dissolves into widespread chaos or the military expands its presence and control of the streets. (AP Photo/Ahmed Ali)
A soldiers stands guard in front of the Egyptian museum in Cairo, Sunday, Jan. 30, 2011. The Arab world's most populous nation appeared to be swiftly moving closer to a point at which it either dissolves into widespread chaos or the military expands its presence and control of the streets. (AP Photo/Ahmed Ali)
Egyptian Nobel Peace laureate and democracy advocate Mohamed ElBaradei addresses the crowd at Tahrir Square in Cairo, Sunday Jan.30, 2011. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)

Tens of thousands of young Egyptians demanding Hosni Mubarak's overthrow have taken the first concrete political steps to create a new nation to replace the corrupt government which has ruled them for 30 years.

Sitting on filthy pavements, amid the garbage and broken stones of a week of street fighting, they have drawn up a list of 25 political personalities to negotiate for a new political leadership and a new constitution to replace Mubarak's crumbling regime.



They include Amr Moussa, the secretary general of the Arab League – himself a trusted Egyptian; the Nobel prize-winner Ahmed Zuwail, an Egyptian-American who has advised President Barack Obama; Mohamed Selim Al-Awa, a professor and author of Islamic studies who is close to the Muslim Brotherhood; and the president of the Wafd party, Said al-Badawi.



Other nominees for the committee, which was supposed to meet the Egyptian Vice-President, Omar Suleiman, within 24 hours, are Nagib Suez, a prominent Cairo businessman (involved in the very mobile phone systems shut down by Mubarak last week); Nabil al-Arabi, an Egyptian UN delegate; and even the heart surgeon Magdi Yacoub, who now lives in Cairo.



The selection – and the makeshift committee of Tahrir Square demonstrators and Facebook and Twitter "electors" – has not been confirmed, but it marks the first serious attempt to turn the massive street protests of the past seven days into a political machine that provides for a future beyond the overthrow of the much-hated President. The committee's first tasks would be to draw up a new Egyptian constitution and an electoral system that would prevent the president-for-life swindle which Mubarak's fraudulent elections have created. Instead, Egyptian presidents would be limited to two consecutive terms of office, and the presidential term itself would be reduced from six to four years.



But no one involved in this initiative has any doubts of the grim future that awaits them if their brave foray into practical politics fails. There was more sniping into Tahrir Square during the night – an engineer, a lawyer and another young man were killed – and plain-clothes police were again discovered in the square. There were further minor stone-throwing battles during the day, despite the vastly increased military presence, and most of the protesters fear that if they leave the square they will immediately be arrested, along with their families, by Mubarak's cruel state security apparatus.



Already, there are dark reports of demonstrators who dared to return home and disappeared. The Egyptian writer Mohamed Fadel Fahmy, who is involved in the committee discussions, is fearful for himself. "We're safe as long as we have the square," he said to me yesterday, urging me to publish his name as a symbol of the freedom he demands. "If we lose the square, Mubarak will arrest all the opposition groups – and there will be police rule as never before. That's why we are fighting for our lives."



The state security police now have long lists of names of protesters who have given television interviews or been quoted in newspapers, Facebook postings and tweets.



The protesters have identified growing divisions between the Egyptian army and the thugs of the interior ministry, whose guards exchanged fire with soldiers three days ago as they continued to occupy the building in which basement torture chambers remain undamaged by the street fighting. These were the same rooms of horror to which America's "renditioned" prisoners were sent for "special" treatment at the hands of Mubarak's more sadistic torturers – another favour which bound the Egyptian regime to the United States as a "trusted" ally.



Another young man involved in the committee selections admitted he didn't trust Omar Suleiman, the former spy boss and Israeli-Palestinian negotiator whom Mubarak appointed this week. Suleiman it is, by the way, who has been trying to shuffle responsibility for the entire crisis on to the foreign press – a vicious as well as dishonest way of exercising his first days of power. Yet he has cleverly outmanoeuvred the demonstrators in Tahrir Square by affording them army protection.



Indeed, yesterday morning, to the shock of all of us standing on the western side of the square, a convoy of 4x4s with blackened windows suddenly emerged from the gardens of the neighbouring Egyptian Museum, slithered to a halt in front of us and was immediately surrounded by a praetorian guard of red-bereted soldiers and massive – truly gigantic – security guards in shades and holding rifles with telescopic sights. Then, from the middle vehicle emerged the diminutive, bespectacled figure of Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, the chief of staff of the Egyptian army and a lifelong friend of Mubarak, wearing a soft green military kepi and general's cross-swords insignia on his shoulders.



Here was a visitor to take the breath away, waving briefly to the protesters who crowded the military cordon to witness this extraordinary arrival. The crowd roared. "The Egyptian army is our army," they shouted in unison. "But Mubarak is not ours." It was a message for Tantawi to take back to his friend Mubarak, but his visit was itself a powerful political symbol. However much Mubarak may rave about "foreign hands" behind the demands for his overthrow, and however many lies Suleiman may tell about foreign journalists, Tantawi was showing that the army took its mission to protect the demonstrators seriously. The recent military statement that it would never fire on those who wish to dethrone Mubarak, since their grievances were "legitimate", was authorised by Tantawi. Hence the demonstrators' belief – however naïve and dangerous – in the integrity of the military.



Crucially missing from the list of figures proposed for the committee are Mohamed ElBaradei, the former UN arms inspectors and Nobel laureate, and members of the Muslim Brotherhood, the "Islamist" spectre which Mubarak and the Israelis always dangled in front of the Americans to persuade them to keep old Mubarak in power. The Brotherhood's insistence in not joining talks until Mubarak's departure – and their support for ElBaradei, whose own faint presidential ambitions (of the "transitional" kind) have not commended themselves to the protesters – effectively excluded them. Suleiman has archly invited the Brotherhood to meet him, knowing that they will not do so until Mubarak has gone.



But al-Awa's proposed presence on the committee – and that of the Islamist intellectual Ahmed Kamel Abu Magd – will ensure that their views are included in any discussions with Suleiman. These talks would also cover civil and constitutional rights and a special clause to allow Suleiman to rule Egypt temporarily because "the President is unable to perform his duties".



Mubarak would be allowed to live privately in Egypt providing he played no part – publicly or covertly – in the political life of the country. He is regarded as a still-fierce opponent who will not hesitate to decapitate the opposition should he hang on to power.



"He is one of the old school, like Saddam and Arafat, who in the last two days has shown his true face," another committee supporter said yesterday. "He is the man behind the attacks on us and the shooting deaths." Mohamed Fahmy knows what this means. His own father has been in exile from Egypt for seven years – after proposing identical protests to those witnessed today to get rid of the Mubarak empire.



Egypt's day in brief



Curfew shortened



Cairo’s curfew has been reduced by three hours. People must be off the streets between 7pm and 6am instead of 5pm and 7am.



Al Jazeera offices torched



The Cairo offices of Al Jazeera were stormed and set alight. The broadcaster blamed supporters of President Mubarak for trying to hinder its coverage, adding that its website was also hacked. Last week, authorities closed the office and revoked credentials of its reporters.



Egypt economy slumps



Egypt’s economy has lost at least $3.1bn due to the crisis, investment bank Crédit Agricole said yesterday. The unrest has closed businesses and banks, and thousands of tourists have fled. The bank said the crisis is costing Egypt at least $310m per day, and said the Egyptian pound could depreciate by 20 per cent.



Obama criticises intelligence



President Obama sent a note bemoaning failure of US intelligence to predict crises in Tunisia and Egypt, AP reported.



What happens next?



Mubarak flees



If the President decides that the voices calling for his arrest, trial and even execution are gaining sway at the highest levels, he could take advantage of the rumoured offers of asylum, and disappear. But this is the least likely possibility. If he was ready to go, he would most likely have done so already, when the seriousness of the protests first became clear. His speech this week showed he was determined to go on his own terms.



Negotiated departure



The preferred solution of the Western powers, in particular the US, which has been leading demands that "an orderly transition must begin now". For Mr Mubarak to agree he would have to be convinced that he would be able to step down in a "dignified" fashion. The most likely catalyst will be the senior echelons of the army, especially now that Mr Mubarak has given the US short shrift. If he were to go, his Vice-President, Omar Suleiman, would take charge of a transitional government, including opposition elements, ahead of new elections.



Protests fizzle out



Some supporters of Mr Mubarak will be heartened that, for all the sound and fury of the protesters, they have so far failed to force the President's hand. The longer the protests go on, the less likely it is that he will exit suddenly. Even some of Mr Mubarak's worst enemies are arguing that he should be allowed to carry on until September. Those who want him out now will argue that a lot can change before his mooted departure – and may fear violent reprisals once they lose the protection of the army. Such a scenario could probably materialise only if the Egyptian military and the US conclude that it is the best case.



Crackdown



The clashes in Tahrir Square in central Cairo on Wednesday hinted at the bloodshed that could unfold if the regime decided it had a chance to cling on to power by crushing the opposition. But that possibility has probably diminished as the protests have widened. Any state-sponsored attack on citizens would meet with outrage and strong action from the West, probably including the withdrawal of the US aid on which Mr Mubarak relies.

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