US Open: Live leaderboard, course guide, pictures, facts and figures
US Open 2015 takes place at Chambers Bay on June 15-21
Chambers Bay is an unknown quantity to the majority of players at this year's US Open, having only opened for play in 2007.
Here, we lend a helping hand with five facts about the venue for the second major championship of 2015:
1 - Chambers Bay was designed by noted architect Robert Trent Jones Jr. The land first found use as a rock quarry as far back as the Steilacoom Indian Tribe and the first European settlers in 1832.
2 - The municipal course is owned by Pierce County, whose residents receive discounted green fees. Five sets of tees mean the course can be played from 5,250 to 7,585 yards, but only players with medical conditions or disabilities are allowed to use carts, and a caddie must be hired as the driver.
3 - There is only one tree on the entire course, a Douglas Fir behind the 15th green. It has survived an act of vandalism and suggestions it should be removed to give a better view of Puget Sound behind. "I am an artist underneath it all," Trent Jones said. "It appeals to me from an aesthetic view. Sometimes you leave things alone. There were discussions that you could see the Sound better if you took it out, but I think it highlights Puget Sound."
4 - Chambers Bay hosted the 2010 US Amateur championship, which was won by American Peter Uihlein on his 21st birthday. Other notable names to play in the event were new BMW PGA Championship winner Byeong Hun An, who reached the semi-finals as defending champion, Masters champion Jordan Spieth, Patrick Reed, Harris English and Brooks Koepka.
5 - During the two days of strokeplay at the 2010 US Amateur, the scoring average was 79.25 (Spieth shot 72-83). There were more rounds in the 90s (six) than there were under par (five). Only four players broke 70 and only Patrick Reed shot three under.
Facts and figures
- Chambers Bay will host the 115th US Open, the first time the event has been held in the Pacific Northwest.
- The public course, which overlooks Puget Sound near Tacoma, will feature the three longest par fours in US Open history with the 546-yard 14th, the 537-yard 11th and the 13th at 534 yards.
- Chambers Bay also hosted the 2010 US Amateur, won by American Peter Uihlein on his 21st birthday.
- Curtis Strange is the last player to successfully defend the US Open, winning in 1988 and 1989.
- Rory McIlroy is the last defending champion to miss the cut (2012).
- The US Open is the only major championship to still employ an 18-hole play-off. The last one, in 2008, saw Tiger Woods win his 14th major title by defeating Rocco Mediate at Torrey Pines.
- Horace Rawlins earned 150 US dollars for his victory in the first US Open in 1895. Martin Kaymer won 1.62million US dollars for winning last year at Pinehurst.
- Tiger Woods won the 2000 US Open at Pebble Beach by 15 shots, the largest winning margin in any major.
- Phil Mickelson, who needs to win the US Open to complete a career grand slam, has finished runner-up a record six times, most recently in 2103 behind Justin Rose.
- Rory McIlroy's total of 268 at Congressional in 2011 is the lowest in tournament history.
- Dr Gil Morgan was the first player to reach 10 under par in the championship, achieving the feat with a birdie on the third hole of the third round at Pebble Beach in 1992. McIlroy reached 10 under after 26 holes in 2011.
Peter Uihlein won the US Amateur title there in 2010. He gives his exclusive insight into the challenge the course will pose for the year's second major championship.
1st (Puget Sound), 598 or 496 yards, par five/four: The opening hole can be played as a par five or long par four and is really long and tough in either set up. The green has been redone because if you missed left a severe slope meant you had about 70 yards remaining for your third. Front right is the only spot you can land it where it would bounce to the middle of the green.
2nd (Foxy), 399 yards, par four: Named after the 14th at Royal Dornoch, this is perhaps the most relaxing hole at Chambers Bay, a hole to ease you into your round after the first being tough. You do not have to hit much off the tee and then you are hitting a nice wedge to a green that slopes back to front. Depending on the hole location I felt you could really attack this hole.
3rd (Blown Out), 163-198 yards, par three: A tough par three and a lot of guys were hitting it into the back bunker. A big slope on the right kicks balls back into the middle of the green and a swale at the back collects shots that are too long.
4th (Hazard's Ascent), 495 yards, par four: The fairway slopes a lot from left to right and if you get your drive away you are hitting straight uphill to a pretty narrow green. There is a little backstop on the back of the green but if you hit it over you're struggling to get it up and down. One of the few holes you really felt like you could get after.
5th (Free Fall), 488 yards, par four: As the name suggests, a downhill par four with a generous fairway surrounded by massive sets of bunkers. The green slopes from front to back so you want to hit a high approach to get your second shot to stop quickly.
6th (Deception Point), 495 yards, par four: A long narrow green makes this hole brutally difficult if you have missed the fairway. The green slopes from front to back on the right side, so if you pitch it on the right side it will bounce into the bunker. Another bunker short of the green can affect your judgement of distance.
7th (Humpback), 508 yards, par four: One of the greens which has been changed. It had a huge slope on the left and sometimes the ball would ricochet all the way back down the fairway. In one of the rounds of the US Amateur I had 140 yards for my second shot and for my third shot I had 150! You just stand there and watch it come past you.
8th (High Road/Low Road), 614 yards, par five: The fairway is wider than it looks, but does slope from left to right. This hole is all about getting your tee shot away and you can go for it (in two) because a ball not making the green would always roll short right and leave you chipping back up the hill.
9th (Olympus), 224 or 217 yards, par three: When we played the US Amateur, it was from an elevated tee almost 100 feet above a green which sloped hard from left to right. From the top it is a great par three and probably the most scenic part of the course as you are looking straight down over Puget Sound. Another lower tee has been built to provide options for the US Open.
10th (High Dunes), 468 or 436 yards, par four: A cool little hole, we played it at 260 yards one day but when the tee is all the way back you can hit three wood or driver off the tee and then face an approach into a really narrow green. You want to hug the left side so you can see the entire green, if you are on the right you cannot really see the back pin.
11th (Shadows), 537 or 500 yards, par four: Another beast of a golf hole, this has the fescue (grass) area in the middle of the fairway so you try to hit it left of that. I remember coming in with a long iron to a green that you do not want to miss left, because it will roll miles down.
12th (The Narrows), 281-311 yards, par four: A great little driveable hole to a very large and undulating green. With the pin front left, I remember hitting a putt from the middle section on the right and I putted it off the green, up the hill and back down to a couple of feet. The whole green is a big bowl so it's a great little risk-reward hole. The lay-up is so narrow it's worth just taking a rip at it.
13th (Eagle Eye), 534 yards, par four: One of the greens they have changed and with good reason. The 13th green you did not really hit, you just hit it over the green and tried to putt it back up. Anything left will be kicked away by a ridge and anything right will disappear down the slope.
14th (Cape Fear), 546 or 521 yards, par four: This was probably my favourite hole, a big downhill, dog-leg right to left par four. The bunker was 310 yards to carry from all the way back but if you miss that bunker it slaloms all the way down so you are coming in with a wedge. A fairly easy green with a slope on the right and the back section falls away a bit.
15th (Lone Fir), 123-246 yards, par three: In the qualifying rounds for the US Amateur we played this as 230 yards and in the final as 140 yards. The caddies are going to have a field day and I think that's why the USGA's executive director Mike Davis said you needed 10 practice rounds at Chambers Bay. The slope on the left feeds balls back into the green but the bunkers are not a bad spot there.
16th (Beached), 423 yards, par four: A really cool hole. Guys can take it on and hit driver off the tee and then you are coming in with a short shot to a really long, narrow green. The green slopes from left to right to that bunker on the right. The USGA moved it up one day in 2010 and made it a driveable par four which I thought was awesome.
17th (Derailed), 172-218 yards, par three: The tier in the middle of the green slopes down from right to left. Pins on the right are brutally tough to get close to but they gave you a nice big bank on the left so for pins in the middle you can hit the bank and it feeds in nicely. I remember hitting anything from a four iron to a wedge in, so it depends how the USGA sets it up.
18th (Tahoma), 525 or 604 yards, par four/five: I heard they might play this as a par four and change the first to a par five, as we did in 2010. The key is to avoid the big bunker on the left; I don't think you can reach the second one from all the way back. As a par five you would like to go for it and find that bowl just short left of the green and then pitch uphill. If it is a long par four and you are coming in with four or five irons, it is going to be tough.
Card of the course
Out: 36/35 In: 34/35
NOTE FROM USGA: Exact hole yardages and total golf course yardage will be provided on a daily basis for each of the four championship rounds. The total length of the golf course will likely be in the range of 7,200 to 7,600 yards. Much of this will depend upon weather/wind conditions and matching certain teeing grounds with certain hole locations.